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Table 2 Relationships between types of alcohol products consumed, costs per unit of alcohol for each product type and percentage of children having experienced negative alcohol-related outcomes

From: Teenage drinking, alcohol availability and pricing: a cross-sectional study of risk and protective factors for alcohol-related harms in school children

  % consuming Drink outside (streets, parks, shops) Violence when drunk Alcohol-related regretted sex Tend to forget things after drinking Price per unit of alcohol (£)
Drink product drink type % OR 95% CIs % OR 95% CIs % OR 95% CIs % OR 95% CIs n Mean 95% CIs Lowest
Alcopops 50.72 40.15 1.02 0.92-1.14 30.40 0.90 0.80-1.00 14.58 1.15 0.99-1.34 49.90 1.21 1.09-1.34 24 0.70 0.61-0.78 0.33
Beer cans or bottles 56.35 44.53 1.57 1.41-1.75 37.74 1.97 1.75-2.22 15.61 1.45 1.23-1.70 47.91 1.03 0.93-1.14 26 0.37 0.34-0.41 0.28
Wine 26.62 34.10 0.72 0.63-0.81 31.17 0.98 0.86-1.11 16.01 1.28 1.08-1.52 48.22 1.04 0.92-1.16 25 0.37 0.34-0.40 0.23
Spirits 48.43 48.63 2.05 1.84-2.28 41.35 2.47 2.20-2.77 18.28 2.16 1.84-2.54 54.21 1.68 1.51-1.87 29 0.33 0.30-0.35 0.21
Cider cans or bottles 22.11 49.81 1.69 1.49-1.91 37.90 1.44 1.27-1.64 17.02 1.39 1.17-1.66 51.01 1.19 1.05-1.35 23 0.28 0.24-0.31 0.15
Large value cider bottles 12.71 71.56 4.62 3.91-5.47 50.48 2.53 2.16-2.96 24.02 2.27 1.87-2.75 60.79 1.85 1.58-2.16 22 0.17 0.16-0.19 0.11
P (correlation)$   <0.01 <0.01 <0.01 <0.05 <0.001#
  1. $P relates to correlation between percentage experiencing each negative alcohol-related outcome by drink type and mean price per unit of alcohol by drink type. Correlations use Spearman's (one tailed) tests to examine the hypothesis that consumption of lower priced drinks are related to greater percentages of consumers experiencing harms. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) measure the relative increase in odds of having experienced each negative alcohol-related outcome associated with being a consumer of each drink product. As individuals often were consumers of more that one drink product the same individual can appear in the analysis of more than one drink product type. #Differences between prices of each product utilises ANOVA.