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Table 5 Relation between Alcohol Consumption and Carotid Plaques, CCA-diameter in Men

From: Alcohol consumption and carotid artery structure in Korean adults aged 50 years and older

  Categories of Alcohol Consumption  
  Never
(n = 248)
Former
(n= 208)
0.1-10.0 g/d
(n = 638)
10.1-20.0
g/d (n = 152)
20.1-40.0 g/d
(n = 114)
> 40.0 g/d
(n = 132)
p
Carotid plaques        
   Prevalence, % 46.4 55.8 42.5 46.7 45.6 56.1 0.125
   Age-adjusted 1 1.48 (1.01-2.17)* 0.99 (0.73-1.35) 1.22 (0.81-1.86) 1.18 (0.75-1.87) 1.97 (1.27-3.07)** 0.003
   Multivariate-adjusted† 1 1.46 (0.98-2.16) 1.02 (0.74-1.40) 1.17 (0.76-1.80) 1.08 (0.67-1.75) 1.64 (1.03-2.62)* 0.080
   Multivariate-adjusted+HDL‡ 1 1.45 (0.98-2.15) 1.03 (0.75-1.41) 1.19 (0.77-1.84) 1.12 (0.69-1.81) 1.72 (1.06-2.79)* 0.049
   Multivariate-adjusted+CCA-IMT§ 1 1.54 (1.03-2.29)* 1.09 (0.79-1.51) 1.25 (0.81-1.94) 1.20 (0.74-1.95) 1.81 (1.13-2.91)* 0.027
CCA-diameter, mm        
   Age-adjusted 7.797 ± 0.053 7.997 ± 0.058** 7.925 ± 0.033* 8.113 ± 0.067** 8.166 ± 0.077** 8.241 ± 0.072** <0.001
   Multivariate-adjusted† 7.883 ± 0.047 8.001 ± 0.051 7.961 ± 0.029 8.013 ± 0.059 8.061 ± 0.068* 8.092 ± 0.066** 0.005
   Multivariate-adjusted+HDL‡ 7.881 ± 0.047 7.999 ± 0.051 7.960 ± 0.029 8.014 ± 0.059 8.065 ± 0.068* 8.099 ± 0.066** 0.006
   Multivariate-adjusted+CCA-IMT, plaques¶ 7.838 ± 0.045 7.990 ± 0.048* 7.968 ± 0.027* 8.029 ± 0.056** 8.095 ± 0.065** 8.108 ± 0.062** <0.001
  1. Data are means ± standard error of mean or odds ratios (95% confidence interval).
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01: compared with never-drinkers.
  3. † Analysis adjusted for age, body mass index, waist circumference, smoking status, exercise, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides (log transformed), fasting glucose, use of medication for hypertension, use of medication for diabetes, and use of medication for hyperlipidemia.
  4. ‡ Analysis additionally adjusted for HDL cholesterol.
  5. §Analysis additionally adjusted for CCA-IMT.
  6. ¶Analysis additionally adjusted for CCA-IMT and carotid plaques.
  7. p for linear trend was obtained by analysis of covariance or logistic regression using the categories of alcohol consumption as a continuous variable (excluding former drinkers).