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Table 1 Baseline demographic characteristics of HCV-negative IDU stratified by unstable housing

From: Unstable housing and hepatitis C incidence among injection drug users in a Canadian setting

Characteristic Stable Housing n = 175(%) Unstable Housing n = 215 (%) Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Gender     
   Male 122 (69.71) 152 (70.70)   
   Female 53 (30.29) 63 (29.30) 0.95 (0.62 – 1.48) 0.833
Age     
   Median (IQR) 28 (22 – 35) 28 (23 – 40) 1.01 (0.99 – 1.03) 0.268
Aboriginal ethnicity     
   No 153 (87.43) 170 (79.07)   
   Yes 22 (12.57) 45 (20.93) 1.84 (1.06 – 3.21) 0.030
DTES residence*     
   No 113 (64.57) 61 (28.37)   
   Yes 62 (35.43) 154 (71.63) 4.60 (3.00 – 7.06) <0.001
On methadone     
   No 154 (88.00) 204 (94.88)   
   Yes 21 (12.00) 11 (5.12) 0.40 (0.19 – 0.84) 0.014
Incarceration     
   No 92 (77.97) 123 (71.51)   
   Yes 26 (22.03) 49 (28.49) 1.41 (0.82 – 2.44) 0.218
Sex trade involved*     
   No 146 (83.43) 157 (73.02)   
   Yes 29 (16.57) 58 (26.98) 1.86 (1.13 – 3.06) 0.014
Syringe sharing*     
   No 105 (60.00) 152 (70.70)   
   Yes 70 (40.00) 63 (29.30) 0.62 (0.41 – 0.95) 0.027
Heroin use*     
   Less than daily 94 (53.71) 142 (66.05)   
   Daily use 81 (46.29) 73 (33.95) 0.60 (0.40 – 0.90) 0.013
Cocaine use*     
   Less than daily 146 (83.43) 167 (77.67)   
   Daily use 29 (16.57) 48 (22.33) 1.45 (0.87 – 2.41) 0.156
Crack smoking     
   Less than daily 147 (84.00) 168 (78.14)   
   Daily use 28 (16.00) 47 (21.86) 1.47 (0.88 – 2.46) 0.144
Methamphetamine injection     
   Less than daily 156 (89.14) 172 (80.00)   
   Daily 19 (10.86) 43 (20.00) 2.05 (1.15 – 3.67) 0.014
Unsafe sex**     
   No 100 (57.14) 133 (61.86)   
   Yes 75 (42.86) 82 (38.14) 0.82 (0.55 – 1.23) 0.345
  1. Note: IDU = injection drug user; DTES = Downtown Eastside. *Indicates behavior during the six-month period prior to the baseline interview. Indicates current use. **Unsafe sex was defined as vaginal or anal sex without a condom.