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Table 3 Risk factors for metabolic syndrome at different physical activity levels for men and women.

From: Metabolic syndrome and physical activity in southern Brazilian community-dwelling elders: a population-based, cross-sectional study

  Men Women
  Activity level category *   Activity level category *  
Parameters IA
(n = 36)
SA
(n = 34)
VA
(n = 43)
p IA
(n = 82)
SA
(n = 91)
VA
(70)
p
Body mass index (kg/m2) 26.7 ± 0.7 26.3 ± 0.7 27.8 ± 0.6 0.29 27.7 ± 0.6 29.7 ± 0.5 28.5 ± 0.6 0.053
Waist circumference (cm) 96.0 ± 1.9 94.8 ± 1.9 97.2 ± 1.7 0.63 89.5 ± 1.3 91.6 ± 1.2 90.6 ± 1.4 0.49
Glucose (mg/dL) 98 ± 7 102 ± 7 93 ± 6 0.58 92 ± 4 96 ± 4 97 ± 5 0.77
Triglycerides (mg/dL) 129 115 127 0.64 133 138 141 0.77
HDL-C (mg/dL) 41 ± 2 40 ± 2 41 ± 2 0.99 44 ± 1 46 ± 1 44 ± 1 0.46
Systolic BP (mmHg) 136 ± 4 145 ± 4 144 ± 4 0.25 140 ± 3 145 ± 3 147 ± 3 0.29
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 84 ± 2 83 ± 2 84 ± 3 0.87 81 ± 2 85 ± 1 84 ± 2 0.18
  1. Values for the different parameters were adjusted for age and are means ± standard error (SE).
  2. * Measured in metabolic equivalents per wk (MET/wk): IA = insufficiently active (≤ 600 MET/wk); SA = sufficiently active (601 to 1500 MET/wk); and VA = very active (≥ 1500 MET/wk).
  3. Data were log transformed prior to analysis; SE not available in the model.
  4. BP = blood pressure; HDL-C = high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol.