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Table 1 Clinical characteristics for men and women in relation to the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS) or its absence (non-MS).

From: Metabolic syndrome and physical activity in southern Brazilian community-dwelling elders: a population-based, cross-sectional study

  Men Women
Parameters MS
(n = 51)
non-MS
(n = 65)
p MS
(n = 158)
non-MS
(n = 88)
p
Age (years) 68.3 ± 5.3 67.9 ± 5.1 0.63 67.7 ± 4.9 69.0 ± 5.4 0.06
Weight (kg) 83.7 ± 9.6 68.0 ± 10.8 < 0.001 * 73.1 ± 11.7 58.5 ± 9.9 < 0.001 *
Height (cm) 166.5 ± 6.8 166.8 ± 6.5 0.75 154.4 ± 6.4 153.3 ± 5.9 0.19
Body mass index (kg/m2) 30.2 ± 2.7 24.5 ± 3.4 < 0.001 * 30.8 ± 4.5 25.0 ± 3.9 < 0.001 *
Waist circumference (cm) 104.5 ± 6.6 89.5 ± 9.3 < 0.001 * 96.0 ± 9.1 81.0 ± 9.2 < 0.001 *
Glucose (mg/dL) 107 ± 52 91 ± 28 0.03 * 101 ± 46 84 ± 15 < 0.001 *
Triglyceride (mg/dL) † 171 (104 to 234) 103 (83 to 129) < 0.001 * 150 (111 to 210) 109 (87 to 129) < 0.001 *
HDL-C (mg/dL) 35 ± 10 45 ± 14 < 0.001 * 42 ± 8 50 ± 12 < 0.001 *
Systolic BP (mmHg) 146 ± 25 138 ± 25 0.12 149 ± 21 136 ± 28 < 0.001 *
Diastolic BP (mg/dL) 86 ± 12 82 ± 11 0.05 * 86 ± 12 80 ± 15 0.001 *
Central obesity ‡ 51 (100) 16 (25) < 0.001 * 158 (100) 35 (40) < 0.001 *
High blood pressure § 48 (94) 44 (68) < 0.001 * 150 (95) 61 (70) < 0.001 *
High glycemia ¶ 21 (41) 11 (17) 0.004 * 53 (34) 9 (10) < 0.001 *
High Triglyceride || 30 (59) 10 (15) < 0.001 * 78 (50) 12 (14) < 0.001 *
Low HDL-C * * 37 (72) 24 (37) < 0.001 * 141 (89) 36 (41) < 0.001 *
  1. The data represent averages ± SD, number (%) or, for triglycerides, the median value (25th to 75th percentile).
  2. * Significant difference between the MS and non-MS values.
  3. † Data were log transformed prior to analysis.
  4. ‡Central obesity was considered as a waist circumference ≥ 80 cm in women and ≥ 94 cm in men.
  5. §High blood pressure was ≥ 130/85 mmHg or use of antihypertensive medication.
  6. ¶High glycemia was ≥ 100 mg/dL or diagnosed type 2 diabetes.
  7. ||High triglyceride was > 150 mg/dL, fasting.
  8. * * Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was < 40 mg/dL in men and < 50 mg/dL in women, fasting HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol.