Skip to main content

Table 3 Comparison of scores for Horn-Waingrow scale between compliant and non-compliant smokers

From: Failure of hospital employees to comply with smoke-free policy is associated with nicotine dependence and motives for smoking: a descriptive cross-sectional study at a teaching hospital in the United Kingdom

   Reasons for Smoking (Horn-Waingrow Scale)
   pleasure stimulation SMM* habit addiction RNA
compliant mean (SD§) 7.41 (2.10) 8.03 (2.57) 6.71 (2.61) 7.3 (2.00) 14.13 (4.25) 19.9 (4.78)
non-compliant mean (SD§) 6.94 (2.51) 9.06 (3.46) 8.03 (3.18) 9.78 (3.99) 15.72 (4.99) 20.1 (6.11)
probability|| 0.44 0.163 0.068 0.003 0.24 0.99
  1. *Sensory Motor Manipulation
  2. †Reduction of Negative Affect
  3. ‡Those respondents who reported smoking were divided into compliant smokers and non-compliant smokers on the basis of their response to the question "When I am working at Addenbrooke's Hospital, I smoke on the site: More than twice a day/Once or twice a day/Once a week/Once a month/Never." Those who choose the answer "Never" were considered to be compliant.
  4. §Standard Deviation
  5. ||Mann-Whitney test
  6. ¶Significant