Skip to main content

Table 3 Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity among Canadians, by age group, 2002

From: Individual, social, environmental, and physical environmental correlates with physical activity among Canadians: a cross-sectional study

Variable 15–24 yrs
(n = 645)
25–39 yrs
(n = 1589)
40–64 yrs
(n = 2296)
65–79 yrs
(n = 637)
  Crude Adjusted Crude Adjusted Crude Adjusted Crude Adjusted
  OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI)†
OR
(95%CI)
OR
(95%CI) †
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI) †
OR
(95% CI)
OR
(95% CI) †
Self-rated health         
Excellent 1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
Good 1.14
(0.50–2.57)
1.76
(0.73–4.27)
0.83
(0.59–1.15)
0.98
(0.69–1.39)
0.76
(0.58–1.00)
0.91
(0.68–1.22)
0.78
(0.48–1.25)
0.80
(0.47–1.37)
Fair 0.41
(0.17–1.01)
0.69
(0.26–1.87)
0.71
(0.43–1.17)
0.99
(0.57–1.70)
0.39
(0.28–0.54)
0.76
(0.53–1.10)
0.47
(0.28–0.81)
0.70
(0.38–1.31)
Poor 0.33
(0.06–1.72)
0.63
(0.10–3.79)
0.23
(0.12–0.44)
0.38
(0.18–0.79)
0.21
(0.13–0.32)
0.42
(0.25–0.70)
0.18 (0.08–0.37) 0.27
(0.11–0.64)
Education         
Elementary 1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
Secondary 0.94
(0.12–7.43)
0.41
(0.04–4.67)
1.95 (0.80–4.74) 1.12 (0.41–3.07) 2.54 (1.69–3.83) 2.48 (1.58–3.91) 1.47 (0.92–2.35) 1.43 (0.85–2.42)
Tech school or college 0.90
(0.11–7.62)
0.35
(0.03–4.16)
1.99 (0.82–4.87) 1.10 (0.40–3.05) 3.09 (1.99 (4.82) 2.64 (1.62–4.32) 2.59 (1.34–5.00) 2.38 (1.16–4.91)
University 1.87
(0.20–17.2)
0.84
(0.07–11.0)
1.91 (0.79–4.60) 1.03 (0.37–2.84) 4.22 (2.74–6.50) 3.13 (1.93–5.08) 2.29 (1.29–4.05) 1.67 (0.87–3.21)
Family income         
<$20 K 1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
$20–<$50 K 1.36
(0.58–3.20)
1.14
(0.45–2.86)
2.18
(1.39–3.42)
1.78
(1.08–2.93)
2.36
(1.69–3.32)
1.63
(1.11–2.38)
1.25
(0.82–1.91)
0.89
(0.54–1.46)
$50–<$80 K 1.11
(0.42–2.91)
0.75
(0.26–2.14)
2.66
(1.64–4.32)
1.90
(1.12–3.25)
2.91
(2.01–4.22)
1.85
(1.22–2.82)
7.62
(2.61–22.3)
5.18
(1.58–17.0)
≥ $80 K - - 2.28
(1.38–3.74)
1.56
(0.89–2.74)
3.50
(2.39–5.13)
2.17
(1.39–3.39)
3.98
(1.32–12.0)
2.28
(0.67–7.69)
Intention         
Low intention 1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
1.00
(reference)
Moderate intention 4.53
(2.29–8.98)
2.92
(1.39–6.12)
2.14
(1.51–3.04)
1.76
(1.21–2.54)
2.46
(1.91–3.17)
1.70
(1.29–2.23)
1.49
(0.96–2.33)
1.17
(0.71–1.94)
Fully intentional 5.64
(2.03–15.6)
2.80
(0.94–8.36)
4.22
(2.60–6.85)
2.73
(1.63–4.57)
4.84
(3.41–6.88)
2.39
(1.64–3.50)
2.64
(1.50–4.66)
1.34
(0.71–2.55)
Intention as continuous 1.91
(1.47–2.49)
1.69
(1.25–2.29)
1.81
(1.55–2.11)
1.61
(1.37–1.91)
1.71
(1.54–1.89)
1.37
(1.22–1.53)
1.39
(1.18–1.65)
1.14
(0.95–1.38)
Self-efficacy (mean score) 1.73
(1.37–2.19)
1.58
(1.20–2.07)
1.66
(1.50–1.85)
1.56
(1.39–1.74)
1.67
(1.54–1.81)
1.47
(1.35–1.60)
1.63
(1.44–1.85)
1.49
(1.30–1.71)
Perceived barriers to PA (mean score) 0.71
(0.54–0.92)
0.71 (0.52–0.97) 0.88
(0.79–0.97)
0.94
(0.84–1.06)
0.83
(0.77–0.90)
0.92
(0.84–1.00)
0.93
(0.83–1.04)
1.07
(0.92–1.23)
Perceived health benefit (mean score) 0.97
(0.60–1.54)
0.86
(0.52–1.41)
1.25
(1.01–1.54)
1.14
(0.90–1.44)
1.52
(1.32–1.74)
1.23
(1.06–1.43)
1.57
(1.23–2.01)
1.34
(1.02–1.76)
Social support (mean score) 1.01
(0.73–1.39)
1.02
(0.69–1.50)
0.96
(0.83–1.10)
0.96
(0.82–1.13)
1.03
(0.94–1.14)
1.11
(0.99–1.24)
0.97
(0.84–1.12)
0.97
(0.81–1.16)
Facility availability (mean score) 1.55
(0.74–3.27)
1.07
(0.47–2.47)
1.34
(0.97–1.84)
1.12
(0.80–1.58)
1.62
(1.29–2.03)
1.23
(0.96–1.58)
1.21
(0.84–1.76)
0.94
(0.61–1.44)
  1. † OR adjusted for age, self-rated health, education, intention, self-efficacy, perceived health benefit, perceived barriers and facility availability.
  2. Analyses for family income were not adjusted for education.