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Table 3 Characteristics of participants included in the cause of death analysis

From: Coming home to die? the association between migration and mortality in rural South Africa

Variable Total no. (%) AIDS deaths (%) Other deaths (%) P-value
Sex     
   Male 599 (49.4) 340 (56.8) 259 (43.2) <0.001
   Female 613 (50.6) 455 (74.2) 158 (25.8)  
Migration status     
   External in-migrants 148 (12.2) 116 (78.4) 32 (21.6)  
   Internal migrants 44 (3.6) 32 (72.7) 12 (27.3) 0.003
   Out-migrants 97 (8.0) 61 (62.9) 36 (37.1)  
   residents 923 (76.2) 586 (63.5) 337 (36.5)  
Education     
   Grade 1 to 4 301 (24.8) 178 (59.1) 123 (40.1)  
   Grade 5 to 12 412 (34.0) 282 (68.5) 130 (31.5) 0.005
   Tertiary 19 (1.6) 8 (42.1) 11 (57.9)  
   Missing 480 (39.6) 327 (68.1) 153 (31.9)  
Age category:     
   18 to 25 162 (13.4) 88 (54.3) 74 (45.7)  
   26 to 40 612 (50.5) 468 (76.5) 144 (23.5) <0.001
   41 to 60 438 (36.1) 239 (54.6) 199 (45.4)  
Economic status     
   < 7 household assets 563 (46.5) 377 (67.0) 186 (33.0)  
   >= 7 household assets 433 (35.7) 266 (61.4) 167 (38.6) 0.050
   Missing 216 (17.8) 152 (70.4) 64 (29.6)  
Total 1,212 795 (65.6) 417 (34.4)  
  1. P-value measures the association between the variables and cause of death