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Table 6 Multiple linear regression of the relationship between food score and sociodemographic factors among Palestinian school adolescents in North Gaza Strip by gender (n = 944)

From: Sociodemographic correlates of food habits among school adolescents (12–15 year) in north Gaza Strip

  Boys(n = 439) Girls(n = 505)
Sociodemographic Factors Animal foodsa F/V foodsb Milk foodsc Animal foodsa F/V foodsb Milk foodsc
  B p B p B p B p B P B p
Constant 4.97   2.69   7.92   6.60   8.15   12.90  
Resident status
   Local citizen Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
   Refugee 2.06 0.01 2.48 <0.001 3.95 0.03 -0.07 0.93 0.33 0.70 -3.06 0.10
Residential area
   Gaza (well-off) Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
   Gaza (non-well-off) 0.68 0.46 1.61 0.12 -0.84 0.70 -3.25 <0.001 -4.53 <0.001 -7.43 <0.001
   Village 0.79 0.28 2.65 <0.001 -5.37 <0.001 -1.54 0.04 -1.30 0.09 -4.33 0.01
   Camp 1.92 0.03 4.49 <0.001 -1.76 0.38 -2.30 0.01 -6.05 <0.001 -5.95 <0.001
Age in years
   12 yrs Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
   13 yrs -0.67 0.42 0.78 0.40 -0.10 0.96 0.21 0.79 0.35 0.67 0.34 0.84
   14 yrs 0.09 0.92 2.18 0.02 -1.24 0.52 1.07 0.18 3.16 <0.001 0.80 0.64
   15 yrs -0.28 0.77 1.58 0.13 -1.21 0.57 1.33 0.14 2.96 <0.001 0.65 0.74
Father work status
   Employed Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
   Unemployed -0.77 0.23 -0.75 0.29 -0.33 0.82 -2.15 <0.001 -1.26 0.05 -3.02 0.02
Household SES
   Low Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
   Medium -0.05 0.94 0.72 0.34 2.13 0.17 1.42 0.05 1.22 0.10 3.63 0.02
   High 1.38 0.09 1.68 0.07 6.64 <0.001 2.52 0.01 2.30 0.01 6.46 <0.001
Fathers level of education
   Low Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
   Medium 1.07 0.12 1.39 0.07 -0.77 0.63 1.65 0.01 0.91 0.18 0.99 0.49
   High 0.42 0.62 0.76 0.41 -3.20 0.10 0.26 0.76 1.76 0.04 -0.07 0.97
Mothers level of education
   Low Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.   Ref.  
   Medium/high 0.96 0.11 0.05 0.94 1.48 0.29 -0.01 0.99 -0.27 0.68 1.47 0.28
  1. a Animal foods includes weekly consumptions of beef, turkey/chicken, liver, fish, hamburger, shawerma/kebab, canned meat and eggs.
  2. b F/V foods includes weekly consumptions of fruits, fruits juice, salad and fresh and cooked vegetable (tomatoes and cucumbers are not included).
  3. c Milk foods includes weekly consumptions of milk, yogurt, white cheese, yellow cheese and lebneh.
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