Skip to main content

Table 5 Mean food score times per week by sociodemographic factors among Palestinian adolescents in North Gaza Strip (n = 944)

From: Sociodemographic correlates of food habits among school adolescents (12–15 year) in north Gaza Strip

Sociodemographic factor Animal foodsa Milk foodsb F/V foodsc Sweet foodsd Western foodse Traditional foodsf
  Mean p Mean p Mean p Mean p Mean p Mean p
Gender (n = 944)
   Boys 7.29 0.10 10.19 0.33 7.99 0.02 10.07 0.13 12.13 0.02 9.03 0.11
   Girls 6.65   11.03   9.03   11.04   13.88   7.97  
Resident status (n = 940)
   Local citizen 5.61 <0.001 8.64 <0.001 6.70 0.001 8.35 <0.001 9.46 <0.001 7.63 0.04
   Refugee 7.84   11.97   9.74   12.08   15.47   9.06  
Residential area (n = 944)
   Gaza (well-off) 8.07 <0.001 14.46 <0.001 9.66 0.001 12.70 <0.001 17.44 <0.001 8.39 0.01
   Gaza (non-well-off) 4.96   7.87   6.25   7.40   8.08   7.26  
   Village 6.47   8.25   7.32   8.30   9.94   7.66  
   Camp 7.25   8.17   9.66   11.58   12.33   10.36  
Age in years
   12 yrs 7.32 0.52 11.65 0.54 7.81 0.004 11.21 0.45 14.22 0.50 9.00 0.71
   13 yrs 6.54   11.03   7.69   10.02   12.51   8.59  
   14 yrs 7.13   9.98   9.44   10.41   12.98   8.46  
   15 yrs 6.98   10.22   9.01   11.30   13.08   7.74  
Crowding Index (n = 835)
   ≤ 3 persons/room 7.56 <0.001 12.01 <0.001 9.10 0.001 11.48 <0.001 14.61 <0.001 8.69 0.39
   >3 persons/room 5.68   7.58   7.47   8.39   9.79   8.01  
Father's working Status (n = 931)
   Unemployed 5.65 <0.001 8.11 <0.001 7.50 <0.001 9.13 <0.001 10.22 <0.001 8.36 0.68
   Employed 8.09   12.80   9.42   11.89   15.47   8.63  
Household SES (n = 918)
   Low 5.44 <0.001 6.17 <0.001 6.82 <0.001 7.60 <0.001 8.63 <0.001 7.93 0.54
   medium 6.81   10.35   8.57   10.63   13.12   8.68  
   High 9.03   15.88   10.40   13.85   18.18   8.91  
Father's education (n = 921)
   Low 5.81 <0.001 9.33 <0.001 7.44 <0.001 9.29 <0.001 11.15 <0.001 8.23 0.50
   Medium 8.39   11.97   9.71   12.29   14.84   9.14  
   High 8.01   11.98   9.90   11.65   15.43   8.33  
Mother's education (n = 923)
   Low 6.22 <0.001 9.25 <0.001 7.99 0.003 10.03 0.048 11.47 <0.001 8.72 0.42
   Medium/High 7.97   12.35   9.28   11.33   15.10   8.18  
  1. a Animal foods includes weekly consumptions of beef, turkey/chicken, liver, fish, hamburger, shawerma/kebab, canned meat and eggs.
  2. b Milk foods includes weekly consumptions of milk, yogurt, white cheese, yellow cheese and lebneh.
  3. c Fruits and vegetables includes weekly consumptions of fruits, fruits juice, salad and fresh and cooked vegetable (tomatoes and cucumbers are not included).
  4. d Sweet foods includes weekly consumptions of honey, jam, jelly, cookies, kunafeh, chocolates, biscuits and soft drinks.
  5. e Western foods includes weekly consumptions of hamburger, canned meat, macaroni, yellow cheese, soft drinks, pizza and potato chips.
  6. f Traditional foods includes weekly consumptions of lintels, hommos, falafel and fava beans.
  7. ONE WAY ANOVA was used to compare difference among groups.
\