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Table 3 Associations between socio-demographic and psychosocial factors and health conditions. N = 883.

From: 2The role of controlling behaviour in intimate partner violence and its health effects: a population based study from rural Vietnam

Variables Pain or discomfort Sadness or depression Suicidal thoughts
  %, n OR, 95%CI %, n OR, 95%CI %, n OR, 95%CI
Respondent's age group       
   17–29 5.6 (11) 1 15.2 (30) 1 1.5 (3) 1
   30–60 13.7 (94) 2.70 (1.42–5.16) 23.8 (163) 1.75 (1.14–2.68) 4.1 (28) 2.77 (0.83–9.21)
Respondent's education       
Higher education 10.5 (73) 1 20.7 (144) 1 2.4 (17) 1
Primary school 16.9 (32) 1.73 (1.11–2.72) 25.9 (49) 1.34 (0.92–1.94) 7.4 (14) 3.19 (1.54–6.59)
Husband's age group       
   20–29 9.3 (10) 1 16.7 (18) 1 2.8 (3) 1
   30–77 12.0 (91) 1.34 (0.67–2.66) 22.2 (168) 1.42 (0.83–2.43) 3.6 (27) 1.29 (0.39–4.34)
Husband's education       
Higher education 11.5 (83) 1 21.0 (152) 1 3.2 (23) 1
Primary school 13.8 (22) 1.24 (0.75–2.06) 25.8 (41) 1.31 (0.88–1.95) 5.0 (8) 1.62 (0.71–3.68)
Husband's SES       
   Professional 9.4 (16) 1 18.1 (31) 1 2.3 (4) 1
   Semi-skilled and unskilled 10.8 (62) 1.18 (0.66–2.10) 21.6 (124) 1.25 (0.81–1.93) 3.3 (19) 1.43 (0.48–4.27)
Household income       
Higher income
(USD 424.8–5,000)
7.9 (42) 1 16.2 (86) 1 1.9 (10) 1
Lower income
(USD 0.1–424.7)
17.8 (62) 2.52 (1.66–3.82) 30.1 (105) 2.23 (1.61–3.08) 6.0 (21) 3.34 (1.55–7.17)
Husband has > 1 wife/partner       
   No 9.4 (67) 1 18.5 (131) 1 2.8 (20) 1
   Yes 24.6 (32) 3.13 (1.96–5.02) 41.5 (54) 3.14 (2.11–-4.67) 7.7 (10) 2.88 (1.31–6.29)
Respondents' experience of past-year physical or sexual violence       
   No 10.1 (81) 1 19.2 (154) 1 3.0 (24) 1
   Yes 29.6 (24) 3.75 (2.21–6.36) 48.1 (39) 3.91 (2.44–6.25) 8.6 (7) 3.07 (1.28–7.36)
Respondents' experience of controlling behaviour       
   No (0 point) 9.6 (74) 1 19.8 (152) 1 2.5 (19) 1
   Yes (1–6 points) 27.2 (31) 3.51 (2.18–5.65) 36.0 (41) 2.28 (1.50–3.48) 10.5 (12) 4.64 (2.19–9.85)