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Table 1 Sample characteristics and cancer screening practices

From: Cancer screening in a middle-aged general population: factors associated with practices and attitudes

   At least one screening test in the past 3 years
  Sample distribution All Women Men
  N (%) % p-value1 % p-value1 % p-value1
Sex    < 0.001     
   women 1,266 (55.0) 83.2      
   men 1,035 (45.0) 34.5      
Age groups    < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
   30–39 years 771 (33.5) 51.5   76.2   13.5  
   40–49 years 737 (32.0) 54.5   82.1   27.8  
   50–60 years 793 (34.5) 77.0   91.5   59.4  
Education (N = 2270)    0.001   0.057   0.013
   elementary school 302 (13.3) 55.6   78.9   23.6  
   vocational training 663 (29.2) 57.2   81.2   32.6  
   high school diploma 217 (9.6) 62.2   83.3   33.0  
   technical school 444 (19.6) 68.5   88.9   41.7  
   university 644 (28.4) 62.7   83.0   37.4  
Born in Switzerland (N = 2272) 0.101   0.12   0.16   
   yes 1,348 (59.3) 62.6   84.5   36.2  
   no 924 (40.7) 59.2   81.2   32.0  
Gainful employment (N = 2252)    0.14   0.97   0.049
   yes 1,873 (83.2) 60.5   83.0   35.6  
   no 379 (16.8) 64.6   83.1   26.6  
Net monthly household income (N = 2176; Swiss Francs)a    0.036   0.005   < 0.001
   < = 2'000 104 (4.8) 55.8   75.4   23.1  
   2'001–4'000 373 (17.1) 60.3   80.5   21.3  
   4'001–8'000 967 (44.4) 58.6   81.5   30.7  
   > 8'000 732 (33.6) 65.0   88.8   44.4  
Visited a doctor for a health problem in the past 6 months (N = 2275)    < 0.001   0.007   < 0.001
   yes 1469 (64.6) 67.7   85.0   42.5  
   no 806 (35.4) 49.1   78.7   23.4  
Hospitalisation in the last 6 months (N = 2277)    0.80   0.11   0.43
   yes 171 (7.5) 60.2   77.1   38.7  
   no 2,106 (92.5) 61.2   83.5   34.1  
Medical treatment for a chronic health problem (> 3 months) (N = 2274)    < 0.001   0.11   < 0.001
   yes 657 (28.9) 69.7   85.6   48.4  
   No 1,617 (71.1) 57.6   82.0   29.2  
Personal cancer history (N = 2284)    < 0.001   0.008   0.031
   no 2,165 (94.8) 60.2   82.4   33.6  
   yes 119 (5.2) 76.5   94.4   48.9  
Global health self evaluation (N = 2274)    0.29   0.19   0.06
   excellent 276 (12.1) 56.9   78.6   27.4  
   very good 753 (33.1) 60.2   84.0   31.2  
   good 1,078 (47.4) 62.8   84.3   37.9  
   fair 138 (6.1) 63.0   81.3   41.3  
   poor 29 (1.3) 51.7   68.4   20.0  
Scale of cons of screening (N = 2297)    < 0.001   < 0.001   < 0.001
   0–25 959 (41.8) 77.6   90.8   49.2  
   26–50 758 (33.0) 56.3   78.9   33.6  
   51–75 449 (19.5) 40.1   72.6   20.6  
   76–100 131 (5.7) 43.5   57.4   31.4  
Number of health related preventive behaviours    < 0.001   0.002   < 0.001
   0–3 537 (23.3) 46.2   75.1   26.6  
   4 523 (22.7) 60.0   82.0   36.3  
   5 687 (29.9) 63.2   84.9   32.2  
   6 554 (24.1) 74.7   86.9   49.7  
  1. a In 2004, 1 Swiss Franc was equal to 0.46 GBP.
  2. 1 p-value: chi-square test