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Table 1 Starting points: selected definitions

From: A translational framework for public health research

Construct Definition
Public health 'the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through organized efforts of society' (Acheson report, 1998) [15]
Public health sciences 'Effective public health actions are based on scientifically derived information about factors influencing health and disease and about effective interventions to change behaviour at the level of the individual, the family, the community or wider society [...] The public health sciences are essential to further our understanding of the relative importance of environmental, lifestyle and genetic causes of disease[,] to identify strategies to improve the wellbeing of the population and to evaluate their impact' (Frankel report, 2004) [16]
Translational research 'comprehensive applied research that strives to translate the available knowledge and make it useful...' (Narayan et al, 2000) [17]