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Table 4 Association between body image disturbance and incidence of depressiona in participants of the SUN study according to sex.

From: Relationship between body image disturbance and incidence of depression: the SUN prospective cohort

  Sex
  Male Female
  Body image disturbance Body image disturbance
  None Underestimated Overestimated None Underestimated Overestimated
Cases 43 52 0 163 71 9
Total 1840 2366 95 3549 2108 168
OR (95% CI)b 1 (ref.) 0.94 (0.62 – 1.41) e 1 (ref.) 0.72 (0.54 – 0.95) 1.20 (0.60 – 2.39)
OR (95% CI)c 1 (ref.) 0.92 (0.60 – 1.39) e 1 (ref.) 0.76 (0.57 – 1.01) 0.95 (0.43 – 2.06)
OR (95% CI)d 1 (ref.) 0.92 (0.60 – 1.39) e 1 (ref.) 0.77 (0.57 – 1.02) 0.96 (0.44 – 2.09)
  1. Odds Ratio (OR); 95% Confidence Interval (CI 95%);a Depression was defined only as a physician diagnosis, excluding those participants who reported use of antidepressant drugs, n = 160; b Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and depression adjusted for age; c Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and depression adjusted for age, body mass index, weight change in the past five years (none, lost, gain), marital status (unmarried, married, other), smoking (never, current smoker, past smoker), physical activity (METs-h/week), energy intake (Kcal/day), alcohol consumption (g/day), working hours (< 35 hours/week, >= 35 hours/week, unemployed), chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) at baseline; d Odds Ratio of the association between body image disturbance and incidence of depression adjusted for the same variables in (c) plus pregnancy and chronic diseases (cardiovascular diseases and cancer) during follow-up; e Odds Ratio could not be calculated.