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Table 2 Characteristics of participants in the SUN study according to sex.

From: Relationship between body image disturbance and incidence of depression: the SUN prospective cohort

  Sex
  Male Female
  Body image disturbance Body image disturbance
  None
n = 1,875
Under estimated
n = 2,397
Over estimated
n = 96
None
n = 3,604
Under estimated
n = 2,145
Over estimated
n = 169
Depression (n, %) 78 (4.2) 82 (3.5) 1 (1.0) 218 (6.0) 108 (5.0) 10 (5.9)
Age [years] (mean, SD)a 42.2 (13.0) 41.7 (12.4) 47.4 (14.8) 34.1 (10.1) 35.5 (10.4) 31.2 (9.1)
Body mass index [Kg/m2] (n, %)a       
   Underweight 58 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 4 (4.2) 1,259 (34.9) 0 (0.0) 148 (87.6)
   Overweight 682 (36.4) 1202 (50.1) 4 (4.2) 124 (3.4) 529 (24.7) 0 (0.0)
   Obese 35 (1.9) 302 (12.6) 0 (0.0) 14 (0.4) 101 (4.7) 0 (0.0)
Weight change in the past five years [Kg] (n, %)b       
   Lost 330 (17.6) 460 (19.2) 13 (13.5) 999 (27.7) 608 (28.3) 56 (33.1)
   Gain 1,064 (56.7) 1,218 (50.8) 62 (64.6) 1,532 (42.5) 905 (42.2) 68 (40.2)
Marital status (n; %)c       
   Unmarried 634 (34.0) 804 (33.8) 29 (30.5) 1,968 (55.0) 1,055 (49.6) 107 (64.1)
   Married 1,171 (62.9) 1,495 (62.8) 66 (69.5) 1,490 (41.6) 972 (45.7) 52 (31.1)
   Other 58 (3.1) 81 (3.4) 0 (0.0) 122 (3.4) 99 (4.7) 8 (4.8)
Smoking (n, %)b       
   Current smoker 373 (20.6) 469 (20.3) 17 (17.9) 911 (26.1) 485 (23.3) 41 (25.2)
   Past smoker 633 (34.9) 772 (33.3) 38 (40.0) 833 (23.9) 535 (25.7) 36 (22.1)
Physical activity [METs-h/week] (mean, SD)b 26.8 (23.7) 29.6 (27.0) 21.5 (19.6) 21.7 (18.6) 21.6 (18.0) 20.3 (15.9)
Energy intake [Kcal/day] (mean, SD) 2,448.9 (668.0) 2,462.5 (663.2) 2,375.2 (686.1) 2,320.4 (573.3) 2,299.4 (564.1) 2,327.4 (610.0)
Alcohol consumption [g/day] (mean, SD)c 10.9 (14.4) 10.4 (12.6) 12.3 (16.0) 4.0 (5.7) 3.8 (5.7) 3.1 (4.0)
Working hours (n, %)c       
   < 35 hours/week 196 (10.6) 230 (9.7) 10 (10.5) 734 (20.6) 442 (20.8) 35 (20.8)
   >= 35 hours/week 1,521 (82.1) 1,978 (83.5) 74 (77.9) 2,287 (64.3) 1,412 (66.5) 91 (54.2)
   Unemployed 135 (7.3) 160 (6.8) 11 (11.6) 534 (15.0) 269 (12.7) 42 (25.0)
Chronic disease at baseline (n, %)       
   Cardiovascular 128 (6.8) 148 (6.2) 9 (9.4) 100 (2.8) 73 (3.4) 3 (1.8)
   Cancer 53 (2.8) 65 (2.7) 6 (6.3) 115 (3.2) 87 (4.1) 3 (1.8)
  1. Standard deviation (SD), a Statistical significant difference in both sexes; b Statistical significant difference for men; c Statistical significant difference for women. The means differences were compared using Analysis of Variance and Tukey's test.