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Table 2 Prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to socio-economic status, in females.

From: Gender, socio-economic status and metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and old adults

  Metabolic syndrome n (%) OR* (95% CI) OR** (95% CI)
Age (years)    
   40–49 38 (11.6) 1 1
   50–59 89 (24.5) 2.47 (1.63–3.74) 2.12 (1.39–3.24)
   60–69 111 (38.9) 4.85 (3.21–7.34) 3.81 (2.46–5.90)
   >69 62 (26.7) 2.77 (1.78–4.33) 2.05 (1.25–3.35)
  <0.001 § §
Marital status    
   Not married 110 (24.3) 1 1
   Married 190 (25.2) 1.40 (1.04–1.87) 1.31 (0.97–1.77)
  0.721   
Education (years)    
   0–4 202 (31.7) 2.43 (1.61–3.67) 2.28 (1.48–3.52)
   5–11 64 (20.4) 1.56 (0.98–2.46) 1.49 (0.93–2.36)
   ≥ 12 34 (13.3) 1 1
  <0.001 § §
Occupation    
   Active 85 (16.2) 1 1‡
   Retired 134 (31.6) 1.64 (1.10–2.44) 1.48 (0.96–2.27)
   Housewives 70 (32.6) 1.99 (1.34–2.97) 1.77 (1.16–2.70)
   Unemployed 11 (25.6) 1.77 (0.86–3.66) 1.54 (0.73–3.25)
  <0.001   
Social class    
   I 13 (10.4) 1 1
   II 6 (7.9) 0.74 (0.27–2.05) 0.70 (0.25–1.94)
   III 24 (17.9) 1.90 (0.92–3.92) 1.85 (0.89–3.85)
   IV 18 (25.6) 2.93 (1.33–6.44) 2.56 (1.45–5.72)
   V 24 (19.8) 2.02 (0.98–4.20) 2.13 (0.97–4.70)
   Not employed 215 (31.5) 3.01 (1.60–5.64) 2.59 (1.32–4.79)
  <0.001   
Height tertiles (cm)    
   135.0–152.4 120 (25.9) 1 1
   152.5–157.9 102 (25.0) 1.15 (0.84–1.58) 1.17 (0.84–1.62)
   158.0–175.0 78 (23.2) 1.18 (0.83–1.67) 1.20 (0.84–1.72)
  0.676   
Menarche (years)    
   ≤ 12 134 (25.0) 1 1
   13–14 125 (25.7) 1.04 (0.78–1.38) 0.96 (0.71–1.28)
   >14 41 (22.4) 0.74 (0.49–1.11) 0.70 (0.45–1.07)
  0.678   
  1. * – OR age adjusted
  2. ** – OR adjusted for age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, total physical activity, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking.
  3. § – p for trend <0.05