Skip to main content

Table 1 Distribution of wartime demographic and military characteristics of personnel who served in the 1991 Gulf War and remained on active duty, FY 1995–2004, compared with those who separated prior to FY 1995

From: The long-term hospitalization experience following military service in the 1991 Gulf War among veterans remaining on active duty, 1994–2004

War-time characteristic Separated Remained on active duty
  <FY 1995 FY 1995 FY 1998 FY 2001 FY 2004
  % % % % %
Total service members with wartime demographic profile available n = 321 806 n = 264 409 n = 179 216 n = 128 544 n = 101 591
Gender      
   Male 93.8 93.8 93.9 94.0 93.9
   Female 6.1 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.1
   Unknown 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Age (years)      
   16–22 35.2 26.1 23.5 24.1 28.3
   23–26 29.8 24.2 26.7 30.5 34.3
   27–31 18.0 25.4 30.1 30.0 25.3
   32–61 16.9 24.3 19.7 15.5 12.1
   Unknown 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Marital status      
   Single, never married 56.0 35.6 34.5 36.1 40.2
   Married 42.8 61.7 62.8 61.3 57.4
   Other 0.9 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.3
   Unknown 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Race      
   Black 21.9 24.9 25.4 25.1 25.4
   White 68.6 67.7 66.9 67.1 66.6
   Other 9.2 7.3 7.6 7.8 7.9
   Unknown 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Service      
   Army 49.3 43.5 42.2 41.8 43.0
   Navy* 23.8 28.2 28.0 27.9 27.2
   Air Force 8.7 16.2 17.6 17.9 17.4
   Marine Corps 18.3 12.2 12.2 12.4 12.4
Pay grade      
   Commissioned officer 6.0 13.4 14.7 16.1 16.7
   Warrant officer 0.8 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.6
   Enlisted 93.2 84.7 83.3 82.2 81.7
   Unknown 0.0     
Primary military occupation grouping      
   Combat specialties 28.8 23.7 24.5 25.2 25.9
   Communications, intelligence 10.6 9.9 9.9 9.9 9.8
   Craftsworkers 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2
   Electronics repair 19.6 9.5 9.3 9.0 8.7
   Electrical/mechanical repair 7.6 20.4 20.0 19.9 19.6
   Functional support 10.4 12.3 12.2 12.1 11.9
   Health care specialists 4.5 6.5 6.7 6.7 6.8
   Non-occupational 1.3 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.8
   Other technical specialists 2.0 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.1
   Service support 10.6 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.2
   Unknown 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
War-related exposures      
   Anthrax immunization 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
   Botulinum immunization (<0.1) 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
   Exposed to Khamisiyah March 10–12, 1991 13.7 12.5 12.2 12.1 12.4
   Exposed to oil well fire 1991 65.1 61.0 61.0 61.0 61.4
   In-theater hospitalization 2.9 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
   In theater during combat period 90.9 78.1 78.3 78.5 78.8
Returned to the Gulf between end of war and FY 1995   18.7 18.9 17.5 18.6
Subsequent deployment (Bosnia, Kosovo, SW Asia)   15.0 20.0 18.8 21.2
  1. FY: Fiscal year (October 1 through September 30)
  2. * Includes Coast Guard.