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Table 2 Baseline characteristics and crude odds ratios (OR) from logistic regression analysis for wasting (WLZ < -2) and stunting (LAZ < -2)

From: Determinants of infant growth in Eastern Uganda: a community-based cross-sectional study

N-total: 723 n (%) Crude
WLZ < -2 OR
95% CI Crude
LAZ < -2 OR
95% CI
Inherent factors       
Gender of infant       
   Girl 345 47.7 1.26 0.69–2.31 0.73 0.48–1.11
Age constant (0–11 cont) 723   0.98 0.86–1.11 1.13 1.07–1.20a
Underlying factors       
Mean sub-county wealth       
   Highest 238 32.9 1.00   1.00  
   Mid 279 38.6 1.65 0.68–3.98 0.99 0.62–1.60
   Lowest 206 28.5 0.50 0.16–1.61 1.48 0.94–2.34
Urban/Rural status       
   Rural status 398 55.1 1.67 0.66–4.22 1.41 0.95–2.08
Distal factors       
Houshold wealth       
   Top 20% 143 19.8 1.00   1.00  
   Mid 40% 291 40.2 1.76 0.54–5.70 1.59 0.82–3.10
   Lowest 40% 189 40.0 1.51 0.48–4.71 2.62 1.38–4.98b
Owning land       
   Yes 557 77.0 1.06 0.40–2.81 1.45 0.86–2.45
Mother's age       
   24 and younger 373 51.6 1.00   1.00  
   25 and older 343 47.4 0.72 0.36–1.43 0.82 0.57–1.16
Marital status       
   Traditional 581 80.4 1.00   1.00  
   Formal marriage 77 10.7 0.87 0.25–2.94 1.09 0.58–2.08
   Single, separated, divorced, widowed 65 9.0 0.33 0.04–2.60 1.91 0.99–3.66
Mother has additional job       
   Yes 131 18.3 0.50 0.14–1.76 0.63 0.37–1.10
Mother's education       
   Full primary and less (≤ 7 years) 482 66.7 1.00   1.00  
   Lower secondary and more (≥ 8 years) 228 31.5 0.90 0.42–1.95 0.78 0.52–1.18
Father's education       
   Full primary and less (≤ 7 years) 351 48.5 1.00   1.00  
   Lower secondary and more (≥ 8 years) 266 36.8 1.14 0.52–2.47 0.70 0.43–1.13
Intermediate factors       
Infant has siblings       
   Yes 549 75.9 0.99 0.41–2.38 0.66 0.44–1.00
Crowdedness; number of people per room       
   ≤ 3 114 15.8 1.00   1.00  
   4–5 231 32.0 0.90 0.31–2.64 0.68 0.38–1.23
   6–7 198 27.4 0.37 0.09–1.40 0.68 0.36–1.26
   ≥ 8 180 24.9 0.95 0.35–2.55 0.96 0.53–1.71
Weighing at birth       
   Yes 334 46.2 0.87 0.45–1.70 0.69 0.47–1.00
Child health card       
   Yes 501 69.3 0.58 0.25–1.33 0.85 0.55–1.32
Adequately immunised       
   Yes 233 32.2 0.63 0.25–1.55 0.68 0.41–1.12
Proximal factors       
Fever last 14 days       
   Yes 416 57.5 2.25 0.90–6.63 1.37 0.89–2.12
Cough last 14 days       
   Yes 564 78.0 1.81 0.66–4.97 1.76 1.04–2.98c
Diarrhoea last 14 days       
   Yes 266 36.8 2.16 1.02–6.61c 1.26 0.86–1.88
Pre-lacteals       
   Yes 414 57.3 1.78 0.73–4.37 1.26 0.84–1.91
Initiation of breastfeeding       
   Within 2 hours 364 50.3 1.00   1.00  
   Within the 1st day 128 17.7 1.07 0.39–2.92 1.06 0.56–1.99
   After the 1st day 193 26.7 0.81 0.33–2.06 1.27 0.80–2.03
Mixed feeding/Replacement feeding       
   Yes 608 84.1 1.73 0.53–5.67 4.23 1.81–9.93a
  1. a p ≤ 0.001, b p ≤ 0.01, c p ≤ 0.05