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Table 4 Clinical characteristics of patients with viral hepatitis markers (n = 260)

From: Hepatitis A, B and C viral co-infections among HIV-infected adults presenting for care and treatment at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

  HAV-IgM +ve HbsAg +ve HBcIgM +ve HCV-ab +ve
Clinical feature, n (%)
Fever 3 (37.5) 17 (37.8) 2 (33.3) 18 (38.3)
Nausea 4 (50.0)* 5 (11.1) 1 (16.7) 7 (14.9)
Vomiting 3 (37.5)* 6 (13.3) 1 (16.7) 4 (8.5)
Jaundice 0 5 (11.1) 4 (66.7)* 4 (8.5)
Hepatomegaly 0 5 (11.1) 4 (66.7)* 3 (6.4)
Biochemical characteristics, n (%)
Elevated ALAT 1 (12.5) 4 (8.9) 2 (33.3)* 2 (4.3)
Elevated Total bilirubin 0 5 (11.1) 4 (66.7)* 5 (10.6)
Immunological characteristic
Mean CD4+ T-cells (cells/μl) 113 198 134 222
  1. * = P < 0.05, when compared with those having no corresponding marker