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Table 2 Selected characteristics of study participants, by race/ethnicity.

From: The influence of active coping and perceived stress on health disparities in a multi-ethnic low income sample

  (n = 238) (n = 378) (n = 196)  
Variable White Black Hispanic P value e
  % % %  
Sex     
   Female 61.7 57.5 54.5 .305
   Male 38.3 42.5 45.5  
Socioeconomic Status a     
   Low (1–5) 42.5 49.9 56.6 .017
   High (GT 5) 57.5 50.1 43.4  
  Median Median Median  
John Henryism (range 12–60) b 52 e 52 f 51 e .011
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
Age 47.53(17.5) f 42.13(15.62) e 41.68(15.27) e < .001
Self-Rated General Health (range 1–4) c 03.32(00.82) e 03.28(00.85) e 03.04(00.94) f .001
Self-Rated Oral Health (range 1–4) c 03.13(00.91) e 03.03(00.96) e 02.90(00.98) f .046
Perceived Discrimination (range 1–6) d 02.18(00.95) e 02.61(01.08)f 02.23(01.07) e < .001
Perceived Stress (3–40) d 22.58(05.87)e 22.25(06.20) f 23.91(06.09) e .010
  1. a Perceived SES in the United states based on respondents rating of how they compare to others in terms of income, education and job status. Higher scores indicate higher SES.
  2. b John Henryism Active Coping assesses predisposition to cope actively with psychosocial stressors in one's environment, higher scores indicated more active coping.
  3. c Based on participants' ratings of their general and oral health, higher scores indicated better health.
  4. d Higher scores indicate higher discrimination or higher perceived stress.
  5. e Analyses were chi square for categorical variables and ANOVA for continuous variables, different subscripts in row indicate a significant difference between groups for ANOVA analyses.