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Table 1 Factors associated with utilization of health services for hypertension treatment after hypertension screening and advice to seek health care for hypertension management

From: Low utilization of health care services following screening for hypertension in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania): a prospective population-based study

  Total with hypertension Attended a health facility Univariate association Adjusted for age and sex
  N % CI OR CI P OR CI P
Total 161 33.5 (26–49)       
Sex          
   Men 60 28.3 (17–40) 1    1   
   Women 101 36.6 (27–46) 1.46 (0.7–2.9) ns 1.55 (0.8–3.1) ns
Age          
   25–44 63 23.8 (13–35) 1    1   
   45–64 98 39.7 (30–50) 2.11 (1.1–4.3) 0.038 2.19 (1.1–.4.5) 0.031
Education          
   None 53 39.6 (26–52) 1    1   
   Primary 81 30.8 (21–41) 0.72 (0.3–1.4) ns 0.93 (0.4–2.0) ns
   Secondary 27 29.6 '(11–48) 0.64 (0.2–1.7) ns 0.81 (0.3–2.3) ns
Wealth score          
   0 76 34.2 (23–45) 1    1   
   1–2 56 32.1 (20–45) 0.91 (0.5–1.8) ns 1.08 (0.5–2.3) ns
   3–5 29 34.5 (16–53) 1.01 (0.4–2.5) ns 1.08 (0.4–2.7) ns
History of HBP          
   No 90 27.8 (18–37) 1    1   
   Yes 71 40.8 (29–52) 1.79 (0.9–2.3) 0.081 1.53 (0.8–3.0) ns
Blood pressure          
   < 180/110 119 33.6 (25–42) 1    1   
   ≥ 180/110 42 33.3 (19–48) 0.98 (0.5–2.0) ns 0.83 (0.4–1.8) ns
Diabetes          
   No 157 33.7 (26–41) 1    1   
   Yes 4 25.0 (0–100) 1.50 (0.2–15.0) ns 2.19 (0.2–22) ns
Overweight          
   No 62 24.1 (13–32) 1    1   
   Yes 69 39.2 (30–49) 2.10 (1.1–4.3) 0.038 1.99 (1.0–4.2) 0.069
Smoking          
   No 142 35.9 (28–43) 1    1   
   Yes 19 15.7 (0–33) 0.33 (0.1–1.2) 0.094 0.34 (0.1–1–3) ns
  1. OR: odds ratio; CI: 95% confidence interval.