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Table 1 Results of separately regressing fertility levels (high versus low) on each demographic and socio-economic explanatory variable, North and South Gondar zones, northwest Ethiopia, 2007 (Bivariate analyses)

From: Differentials of fertility in North and South Gondar zones, northwest Ethiopia: A comparative cross-sectional study

Explanatory variable Fertility level Odds Ratio (crude) 95% Confidence Interval
  High Low   Lower Upper
Place of residence      
   Big towns 84 389 1.00   
   Small towns 79 230 1.59 1.12 2.25
   Rural areas 848 794 4.95 3.83 6.38
Current marital status      
   Married 889 1088 2.18 1.74 2.73
   Others 122 325 1.00   
Educational level      
   No education 884 989 1.00   
   Primary 104 214 0.54 0.42 0.70
   Secondary and above 23 210 0.12 0.08 0.19
Source of drinking water      
   Piped 349 803 1.00   
   Protected well/spring 209 209 2.30 1.83 2.89
   Unprotected well/spring 250 179 3.21 2.56 4.04
   River water 203 222 2.10 1.68 2.64
Religion *      
   Orthodox Christian 945 1312 1.00   
   Moslem 64 95 0.94 0.67 1.30
Has radio      
   Yes, functional 369 685 1.00   
   Yes, non-functional 122 137 1.65 1.26 2.18
   No 520 591 1.63 1.37 1.94
Ethnicity *      
   Amhara 974 1359 1.00   
   Others 37 54 0.96 0.62 1.46
Number of children who have died      
   0 513 1235 1.00   
   1–2 children 382 166 5.54 4.49 6.83
   3 and above children 116 12 23.12 12.66 42.20
Occupation of the respondent      
   Working (civil servant + trader + student) 28 151 1.00   
   Farmer 117 108 5.84 3.61 9.45
   Housewife 832 992 4.52 2.99 6.84
   Others 34 162 1.13 0.66 1.96
   Main roof material      
   Thatch/bamboo/reed 382 462 1.00   
   Corrugated iron 629 951 0.80 0.68 0.95
When one of the family members gets sick, place where the sick person is taken first: *      
   Modern health institutions 982 1379 1.00   
   Traditional healers/holly water/etc. 29 34 1.20 0.73 1.98
Decision on own health care      
   The woman herself 253 481 1.00   
   Husband 119 96 2.36 1.73 3.21
   Both 637 806 1.50 1.25 1.81
   Other 2 30 0.13 0.03 0.54
Monthly household expenditure      
   ≤ 320 Eth Birr 256 556 1.00   
321 – 500 Eth Birr 309 487 1.38 1.12 1.69
501 – 999 Eth Birr 327 292 2.43 1.96 3.02
   ≥ 1000 Eth Birr 119 78 3.31 2.40 4.57
Is there any visible population increase in your (respondent's) dwelling area? *      
   Yes 971 1353 1.00 0.62 1.40
   No 40 60 0.93   
Choice of the respondent regarding the sex of her first child      
   Male 563 726 1.00 0.67 0.97
   Female 293 470 0.80 0.73 1.16
   Any sex 155 217 0.92   
Total number of children born alive from the mother of the respondent      
   1 – 4 children 150 321 1.00   
   5 – 9 children 650 929 1.50 1.20 1.86
   10 and above 211 162 2.79 2.10 3.69
Do you approve wife beating by the husband for various reasons?      
   Yes 735 847 1.78 1.49 2.12
   No 276 566 1.00   
Zone      
   North Gondar 597 877 1.00   
   South Gondar 414 536 1.13 0.96 1.34
  1. * shows non-significance at a 0.3 level of significance.