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Table 2 Participation according to perceived breast cancer risk, health beliefs and relatives attitudes towards mammography

From: Determinants of non attendance to mammography program in a region with high voluntary health insurance coverage

Variables Cases Non-attenders n(%) (n = 101) Controls Attenders n(%) (n = 173) Crude OR (95% CI)
Family history of cancer    
No 80 (79.2) 142 (82.1) 1
Yes 21 (20.8) 31 (17.9) 1.2(0.64–2.23)
Benign breast symptoms    
No 69 (68.3) 103 (59.5) 1
Yes 32 (31.7) 70 (40.5) 0.68(0.41–1.14)
Attitudes towards mammography    
Spouse    
Neutral/disapproval/disapproval much Approved/ 6 (14) 22 (15.9) 1
approved much 37 (86) 116 (84.1) 1.17 (0.44–3.10)
Sons/daughters    
Neutral/disapproval/disapproval much Approved/ 3 (7) 8 (6.3) 1
approved much 40 (93) 120 (93.8) 0.88 (0.22–3.51)
Parents    
Neutral/disapproval/disapproval much Approved/ 3 (20) 6 (21.4) 1
approved much 12 (80) 22 (78.6) 1.09 (0.23–5.16)
Friend    
Neutral/disapproval/disapproval much Approved/ 2 (4.4) 9 (7) 1
approved much 43 (95.6) 119 (93) 1.62 (0.33–7.82)
General practitioner    
Neutral/disapproval/disapproval much Approved/ 2 (7.1) 11 (13.6) 1
approved much 26 (92.9) 70 (86.4) 2.04 (0.42–9.84)
  Non-attenders Median (P25–P75) Attenders Median (P25–P75) P*
Health Belief Model Scale    
Susceptibility 6.0(3–8) 6.0(3–8) P = 0.7
Benefits 22.0(20–25) 23.0(21–25) P = 0.27
Barriers 16.0(12–20) 16.0(14–20) P = 0.37
  1. * Mann-Whitney U test