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Table 3 Nurses' perceptions of barriers to introduce HIV testing among TB patients*

From: Barriers for introducing HIV testing among tuberculosis patients in Jogjakarta, Indonesia: a qualitative study

Perception Health centres Hospitals and chest clinics
  Rural Urban Public Private
'Hard' patients - - + ++
Additional burden +/- +/- ++ ++
Patients offended - - ++ ++
Stigmatization + +/- +++ ++
Lack of facility + +++ +/- +
Communication difficulty +/- +/- ++ +++
  1. * "+++" = critical; "++" = very important; "+" = "important"; "+/-" = less important; "-" = negligible