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Table 6 The association between stressor exposures and psychological distress evaluated by faces scale with hypertension (OR and 95% CI)

From: Stressful life events and current psychological distress are associated with self-reported hypertension but not with true hypertension: results from a cross-sectional population-based study

Exposure Men * P Women * P Overall** P
Any event 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 0.31 0.8 (0.6–1.2) 0.15 0.8 (0.6–1.0) 0,10
Any death 1.2 (0.7–2.1) 0.51 1.1 (0.7–1.8) 0.60 1.2 (0.8–1.7) 0.33
Major illness in the family 0.6 (0.3–1.1) 0.11 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 0.78 0.8 (0.5–1.2) 0.23
Loss of job 0.7 (0.5–1.2) 0.69 0.7 (0.3–1.4) 0.35 0.7 (0.5–1.2) 0.24
Familiar death 0.8 (0.4–1.6) 0.59 1.4 (0.8–2.6) 0.18 1.2 (0.8–1.8) 0.44
Divorce 2.0 (0.8–5.1) 0.14 0.5 (0.2–1.3) 0.17 0.9 (0.5–1.7) 0.81
Severe accident 0.7 (0.3–1.7) 0.40 0.9 (0.4–2.1) 0.82 0.8 (0.4–1.5) 0.47
Close friend death 2.0 (0.8–5.6) 0.16 1.1 (0.5–2.4) 0.19 1.5 (0.8–2.7) 0.25
Violence 0.3 (0.1–1.1) 0.06 0.7 (0.2–3.0) 0.67 0.4 (0.2–1.1) 0.07
Migration 0.4 (0.1–1.7) 0.24 1.1 (0.3–4.9) 0.88 0.7 (0.3–1.9) 0.47
Death of spouse 2.3 (0.2–26.2) 0.52 0.3 (0.1–1.1) 0.07 0.4 (0.1–1.6) 0.21
Number of deaths   0.41   0.87   0.58
   No death 1   1   1  
   1 death 1.1 (0.6–2.1)   1.3 (0.8–2.2)   1.3 (0.9–1.9)  
   2 death 2.1 (0.4–11.2)   0.7 (0.3–1.9)   1.4 (0.4–2.5)  
Number of events   0.24   0.37   0.16
   No event 1   1   1  
   1 event 0.7 (0.5–1.1)   0.9 (0.6–1.3)   0.8 (0.6–1.1)  
   2 events 0.8 (0.4–1.7)   0.7 (0.4–1.3)   0.8 (0.5–1.2)  
   More than 3 events 0.7 (0.1–3.9)   1.2 (0.3–4.4)   1.0 (0.3–2.6)  
Faces   0.18   0.40   0.18
   Extremely content 1   1   1  
   Very content 0.6 (0.4–1.1)   0.8 (0.5–1.4)   0.7 (0.5–1.0)  
   Content 1.3 (0.7–2.3)   0.9 (0.5–1.6)   1.1 (0.7–1.6)  
   Neutral 0.8 (0.4–1.7)   0.7 (0.3–1.4)   0.9 (0.5–1.3)  
   Discontent 1.3 (0.5–3.4)   1.0 (0.5–2.0)   1.1 (0.6–1.9)  
   Very discontent 0.5 (0.1–1.9)   0.8 (0.3–1.9)   0.7 (0.3–1.4)  
   Extremely discontent 2.4 (0.6–8.9)   1.8 (0.7–4.1)   1.8 (0.9–3.6)  
  1. *adjusted for age, skin color, physical activity, alcohol abuse, body mass index, strong parental history and education
  2. ** adjusted for gender, age, skin color, physical activity, alcohol abuse, body mass index, strong parental history and education.