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Table 5 Prevalence of true hypertension (BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg or use of BP drugs), awareness of hypertension and BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg by the occurrence of stressor exposures and psychological distress evaluated by the faces scale (N = 1484)

From: Stressful life events and current psychological distress are associated with self-reported hypertension but not with true hypertension: results from a cross-sectional population-based study

Characteristics   N True hypertension*
N = 600 (40.4%)
P Awareness of hypertension
N = 489 (33%)
P BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg
N = 394 (26.5%)
P
Any event No 913 404 (44.2) < 0.01 317 (34.7) 0.07 267 (29.2) < 0.01
  Yes 571 196 (34.3)   172 (30.1)   127 (22.2)  
Any death No 1270 495 (39.0) < 0.01 404 (31.8) 0.02 328 (25.8) 0.12
  Yes 214 105 (49.1)   85 (39.7)   66 (30.8)  
Major illness No 1335 548 (41.0) 0.15 438 (32.8) 0.73 362 (27.1) 0.14
  Yes 32 52 (34.9)   51 (34.2)   32 (21.5)  
Loss of job No 1339 569 (42.5) < 0.01 459 (34.3) < 0.01 373 (27.9) < 0.01
  Yes 145 31 (21.4)   30 (20.7)   21 (14.5)  
Death in the family No 1341 531 (39.6) 0.05 433 (32.3) 0.10 349 (26) 0.16
  Yes 143 69 (48.3)   56 (39.2)   45 (31.5)  
Divorce No 1394 583 (41.8) < 0.01 473 (33.9) < 0.01 382 (27.4) < 0.01
  Yes 90 17 (18.9)   16 (17.8)   12 (13.3)  
Severe accident No 1413 576 (40.8) 0.24 472 (33.4) 0.10 378 (26.8) 0.43
  Yes 71 24 (33.8)   17 (23.9)   16 (22.5)  
Friend death No 1416 563 (39.8) < 0.01 459 (32.4) 0.05 372 (26.3) 0.27
  Yes 68 37 (54.4)   30 (44.1)   22 (32.4)  
Violence No 1443 592 (41.0) < 0.01 480 (33.3) 0.13 389 (27) 0.04
  Yes 41 8 (19.5)   9 (22.0)   5 (12.2)  
Migration No 1450 594 (41.0) < 0.01 482 (33.2) 0.12 390 (26.9) 0.05
  Yes 34 6 (17.6)   7 (20.6)   4 (11.8)  
Death of spouse No 1470 595 (40.5) 0.72 485 (33.1) 0.73 390 (26.5) 0.86
  Yes 14 5 (35.7)   4 (28.6)   4 (26.5)  
Faces     0.03**   < 0.01**   0.92**
Extremely content   259 112 (43.2)   85 (32.8)   79 (30.5)  
Very content   458 160 (34.9)   123 (26.9)   108 (23.6)  
Content   377 156 (41.4)   123 (32.6)   104 (27.6)  
Neutral   159 62 (39.0)   54 (34.05)   41 (25.8)  
Discontent   114 52 (45.6)   45 (39.5)   28 (24.6)  
Very discontent   57 24 (42.1)   25 (43.9)   17 (29.8)  
Extremely discontent   60 34 (56.7)   34 (56.7)   17 (28.3)  
  1. * Includes individuals aware of diagnosis with uncontrolled BP and individuals unaware of the diagnosis
  2. ** P for linear trend