Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 8 Relationship between causes of death and socio-economic groups: Summary of the relationship between causes of death, female and male socio-economic groups with highest and (↑) and lowest (↓) mortality and potential determinants. Please refer to the text for a more detailed discussion.

From: Socio-economic status and overall and cause-specific mortality in Sweden

Cause of death Socio-economic group with highest/lowest mortality risk Potential determinates
Cardiovascular disease female farmhand ↑ female employer ↓ male military personnel ↓1 Risk factors (high blood pressure, smoking, physical inactivity and obesity) varying among female and male socio-economic groups
Lung cancer female service worker ↑ female farmer ↓ male farmer ↓1 Smoking
Prostate cancer male service worker ↑1 Low PSA screening
Breast cancer female white-collar worker ↑ female farmhand ↓ Access to screening, stage at diagnosis, reproductive history, age at first parturition, hormone replacement therapy
Overall respiratory disease female farmhand ↑ female white-collar worker ↓ male service worker ↑ male military personnel ↓ Smoking, air pollution, allergens
COPD female/male service worker ↑ female/male farmer ↓ Smoking, exposure to pollutants, allergies and asthma
Overall endocrine nutritional and metabolic disease/diabetes mellitus female farmhand ↑ female employer ↓ male service worker ↑ male military personnel ↓ Overweight, smoking, physical inactivity
  1. 1 With blue-collar worker as reference category no other group showed increased/decreased mortality risk