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Table 5 Respiratory disease mortality: Number of fatalities and HRs for respiratory disease according to socio-economic status for women and men in Sweden from 1960 to 20041

From: Socio-economic status and overall and cause-specific mortality in Sweden

Respiratory disease Women Men
  Fatalities HR3 (95% CI) Fatalities HR4 (95% CI)
Overall respiratory disease 2     
   Blue-collar worker 12654 Ref. 23233 Ref.
   Service worker 3211 1.06 (1.02;1.10) 759 1.09 (1.01;1.17)
   Farmhand 1361 1.09 (1.03;1.16) 2031 0.88 (0.84;0.92)
   Farmer 4057 0.88 (0.85;0.92) 5449 0.76 (0.74;0.78)
   White-collar worker 9259 0.79 (0.79;0.81) 10901 0.75 (0.73;0.77)
   Employer 797 0.80 (0.75;0.86) 1168 0.67 (0.64;0.72)
   Entrepreneur 3216 0.88 (0.84;0.91) 4727 0.88 (0.86;0.91)
   Professional 398 0.90 (0.81;0.99) 573 0.82 (0.76;0.89)
   Military personnel 214 1.10 (0.96;1.26) 352 0.72 (0.64;0.80)
COPD     
   Blue-collar worker 3559 Ref. 8552 Ref.
   Service worker 944 1.21 (1.12;1.30) 303 1.22 (1.09;1.37)
   Farmhand 299 0.93 (0.83;1.05) 688 0.87 (0.80;0.94)
   Farmer 539 0.51 (0.47;0.56) 1418 0.58 (0.55;0.62)
   White-collar worker 2888 0.80 (0.76;0.84) 3967 0.71 (0.68;0.73)
   Employer 251 0.90 (0.79;1.03) 387 0.61 (0.55;0.68)
   Entrepreneur 831 0.86 (0.80;0.93) 1613 0.85 (0.80;0.89)
   Professional 115 0.95 (0.79;1.15) 194 0.78 (0.67;0.89)
   Military personnel 82 1.17 (0.94;1.46) 126 0.64 (0.54;0.76)
Influenza and Pneumonia     
   Blue-collar worker 6800 Ref. 10845 Ref.
   Service worker 1716 1.01 (0.96;1.07) 348 1.03 (0.93;1.15)
   Farmhand 832 1.17 (1.09;1.26) 1048 0.92 (0.87;0.99)
   Farmer 2793 1.00 (0.96;1.05) 3191 0.87 (0.84;0.91)
   White-collar worker 4728 0.79 (0.76;0.82) 5317 0.81 (0.79;0.84)
   Employer 417 0.78 (0.70;0.86) 620 0.75 (0.69;0.81)
   Entrepreneur 1801 0.88 (0.83;0.93) 2373 0.93 (0.88;0.97)
   Professional 222 0.90 (0.79;1.03) 298 0.89 (0.79;0.99)
   Military personnel 93 1.05 (0.86;1.29) 158 0.75 (0.64;0.88)
  1. 1 Bold type, 95% CI does not include 1.00
  2. 2 ICD codes: ICD-7: 470–527, ICD-8: 460–519, ICD-9: 460–519, ICD-10: J00-J99
  3. 3 Adjusted for residential area, time period and fertility history
  4. 4 Adjusted for residential area and time period
  5. HR Hazard Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, NA not applicable