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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analyses of predictors for administration of a recommended antimalarial (SP, amodiaquine or quinine)

From: Obstacles to prompt and effective malaria treatment lead to low community-coverage in two rural districts of Tanzania

  Univariate model* Multivariate model**
Exposure variable Crude OR 95% CI P Adjusted OR 95% CI P
Age group
   Adult (> 12 years) 1      
   Child (< 5 years) 1.67 0.66–4.26 0.280    
Total number of people in household 0.85 0.73–0.99 0.041 0.79 0.64–0.97 0.021
Place of illness recognition
   Home 1    1   
   Shamba 0.19 0.07–0.51 0.001 0.29 0.08–1.14 0.076
Diarrhoea or vomiting reported
   No 1    1   
   Yes 5.05 1.73–14.74 0.003 3.24 0.85–12.34 0.084
Signs of severe malaria
   No       
   Yes 2.48 0.78–7.88 0.125 3.60 0.73–17.86 0.117
Illness label (self-defined)
   Malaria/degedege 1    1   
   Homa 0.10 0.04–0.29 0.000 0.08 0.02–0.32 < 0.001
First action: Antipyretic
   No 1      
   Yes 0.61 0.17–2.23 0.451    
First action: Traditional medicine
   No 1    1   
   Yes 0.24 0.07–0.81 0.022 0.08 0.01–0.48 0.006
Health facility attendance
   No 1    1   
   Yes 4.46 1.69–11.78 0.003 7.69 1.90–31.11 0.004
Antimalarial provider in village 1
   No 1      
   Yes 2.10 0.67–6.59 0.201    
Distance to nearest antimalarial provider (km)*** /1 0.01 0.00–0.43 0.017    
Study area
   Ifakara 1      
   DSS 0.22 0.05–0.98 0.046    
  1. * 137 observations; ** 136 observations; *** 76 observations (DSS only); 1 Incl. health facilities, drug stores and general shops stocking antimalarials in mid-2004
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