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Table 2 Age-adjusted socioeconomic status (SES) characteristics of Spanish-dominant, Bilingual, and English-dominant Latinos Aged 25–64 Years

From: Health-related characteristics and preferred methods of receiving health education according to dominant language among Latinos Aged 25 to 64 in a large Northern California health plan

  Women Men
SES Characteristics Spanish-dominant
(n = 78)% (se)
Bilingual
(n = 99)% (se)
English-dominant
(n = 433)% (se)
Spanish-dominant
(n = 93)% (se)
Bilingual
(n = 87)% (se)
English-dominant
(n = 301)% (se)
Post-Secondary Education       
No       
   < 12 yrs formal school 59.5 (6.8) ****, d 25.9 (4.8) **** 6.5 (1.4) 81.6 (4.2) ****, d 25.8 (5.5) *** 5.9 (1.4)
   High school graduate 9.4 24.8 14.7 5.9 30.1 23.0
Yes 31.1 (6.5) ****, a 49.3 (5.6) **** 78.8 (2.1) 12.5 (3.6) ****, d 44.1 (6.0) **** 71.1 (3.0)
   Some college/tech school 16.7 33.2 48.2 5.7 32.6 39.4
   College graduate 14.4 (5.4) ** 16.1 (4.1) ** 30.6 (2.3) 6.8 (2.9)**** 11.5 (3.2) **** 31.7 (3.0)
Household Income       
≤ $25,000 33.7 (6.0) ****, a 15.7 (4.3) 8.9 (1.4) 33.6 (6.7) ****, b 12.7 (4.1) 5.0 (1.6)
$25,001–35,000 33.4 17.5 5.6 40.9 13.9 7.0
$35,001–50,000 18.1 18.4 18.5 13.6 26.2 19.2
≥ $50,000 14.7 (5.4) ****, d 48.4 (5.7) ** 66.9 (2.5) 11.9 (3.5) ****, b 47.2 (6.2) ** 68.8 (3.2)
   $50,001–65,000 5.4 15.9 16.1 5.8 18.8 11.1
   $65,001–80,000 3.5 20.6 15.3 6.1 11.0 19.4
   > $80,000 5.9 (4.4) **** 11.9 (3.8) **** 35.6 (2.5) < 0.1 (--)****, d 17.4 (4.5) **** 38.3 (3.1)
  1. * p < 05; ** p < .01; *** p < 001; ****p < .0001 by t-test, Spanish-dominant and Bilingual compared to English-dominant.
  2. a p < 05; b p < .01; c p < 001; d p < .0001 by t-test, Spanish-dominant compared to Bilingual