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Table 4 Performance of sets of selective screening criteria for the identification of newly detected diabetes mellitus among participants in SUNSETc

From: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and the performance of a risk score among Hindustani Surinamese, African Surinamese and ethnic Dutch: a cross-sectional population-based study

   Source Hindustani Surinamese
N = 269
AUC (bCI)
African Surinamese
N = 534
AUC (bCI)
ethnic Dutch
n = 467
AUC (bCI)
1 age ≥ 45 years DCGP 0.53 (0.50–0.61) 0.59 (0.51–0.69) 0.61 (0.54–0.68)
2 age ≥ 45 and BMI > 25 kg/m2 ADA 0.61 (0.54–0.70) 0.69 (0.62–0.78) 0.72 (0.65–0.82)
3 criteria 2, and have additional risk factors, as followsa ADA extended 0.69 (0.64–0.83) 0.87 (0.83–0.95) 0.80 (0.74–0.91)
4 tailored risk scoreb present study 0.70 (0.66–0.83) 0.87 (0.83–0.93) 0.78 (0.73–0.90)
  1. a physically inactive or 1st-degree relative with DM or high risk ethnic group (Hindustani Surinamese, i.e. South Asian) or hypertensive or reduced high density lipoprotein and/or elevated triglyceride or history of cardiovascular disease.
  2. b optimal screening criteria identified from multivariate analysis (ethnic groups, age, BMI, waist circumference, resting heart rate, first-degree relative with DM, hypertension, history of cardiovascular disease)
  3. c Persons with known DM were excluded from the analysis. Data are area under the curve (AUC) and a 'confidence interval' (bCI), based on the 2.5 and 97.5 percentiles estimated via a bootstrapping procedure [20].
  4. DM = diabetes mellitus (fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/l and/or self-reported), DCPG = Dutch College of General Practitioners, ADA = American Diabetes Association