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Table 2 Determinants of diabetes mellitus among Hindustani Surinamese, African Surinamese and ethnic Dutch aged 35–60 yearsa

From: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and the performance of a risk score among Hindustani Surinamese, African Surinamese and ethnic Dutch: a cross-sectional population-based study

Determinant DM
(n = 194)
Prevalence (%)
no DM
(n = 1221)
Prevalence (%)
Univariate
OR [95% CI]
Multivariate b
OR [95% CI]
Age ≥ 45 years 67.0 49.0 2.2 [1.6–3.0] 1.8 [1.2–2.6]
BMI > 25 kg/m2c 89.1 63.6 4.8 [3.0–7.7] 1.9 [1.0–3.4]
Increased waist circumferenced 89.6 62.7 5.3 [3.2–8.6] 2.3 [1.3–4.1]
Resting heart rate ≥ 90 bpm 15.4 5.6 3.1 [1.9–4.9] 2.4 [1.4–4.0]
First-degree relative with DM 82.9 56.2 3.8 [2.5–5.6] 2.7 [1.8–4.2]
Hypertensione 59.0 28.9 3.6 [2.6–4.9] 2.4 [1.7–3.4]
History of CVD 9.8 2.1 5.4 [2.9–10.3] 3.0 [1.5–6.3]
Ethnic group:     
   Hindustani Surinamese 44.3 20.5 4.8 [3.1–7.4] 2.7 [1.7–4.5]
   African Surinamese 38.7 42.4 2.0 [1.3–3.1] 1.5 [0.9–2.4]
   Ethnic Dutch 17.0 37.1 1 1
  1. a only determinants selected for the multivariate analysis, based on a Waldtest for univariate association of p < 0.25 are shown b mutually adjusted c > 23 kg/m2 for Hindustani Surinamese d waist circumference > 80 cm for all women, > 94 cm for African Surinamese and ethnic Dutch men and > 90 cm for Hindustani Surinamese men e blood pressure > 140/90 mm Hg and/or being on anti-hypertensive therapy
  2. DM = diabetes mellitus (fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/l and/or self-reported), OR = odds ratio, CI = confidence interval, BMI = body mass index, bpm = beats per minute, CVD = cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction and/or stroke)