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Table 3 Use of TCAM (Traditional, complementary and alternative medicine) for HIV in the past six months (N = 618)

From: Use of traditional complementary and alternative medicine for HIV patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    Use duration in weeks Cost in Rand/month Health care provider aware of use
  n % M (SD) [range] M (SD) [range] n (%)
Total TCAM use a 317 51.3    
1. Herbal therapies 183 29.6    
1a. Herbal therapies 177 28.6 12.1 (9.0) [1–48] 128 (189) [0–1000] 18 (10.2)
1b. Cannabis 23 3.7 38.1 (37.5) [1–140] 37.3 (90.5) [0–400] 0
2. Religious healing 217 35.1    
2a. Spiritual practices or prayer 208 33.2 18.3 (10.1) [1–48] 0 69 (39.2)
2b. Faith healing methods 78 12.4 9.7 (9.5) [1–42] 24.4 (109.0) [0–500] 9 (18.4)
3. Physical/body-mind therapy 47 7.5    
3a. Exercise 29 4.6 12.6 (9.2) [1–28] 1.1 (3.3) [0–10] 8 (30.8)
3b. Massage 7 1.1 8.5 (10.9) [1–24] 10.0 (17.3) [0–30]  
3c. Therapeutic touch 6 1.0 10.0 (9.6) [2–24] 0  
3d. Meditation 5 0.8 24.0 [24-24] 0  
4. Micronutrients (vitamins, minerals & multivitamin) 266 42.9 16.5 (9.3) [1–48] 7.2 (69.1) [0–800] 227 (85.3)
5. Over-the-counter drugs 77 12.5 5.1 (6.4) [1–21] 4.3 (13.2) [1–99] 7 (10.9)
  1. a The use of micronutrients (42.9%) was excluded from TCAM since mostly vitamins were provided by the health facility