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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the sample and gender differences

From: Knowledge and perceptions of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani population

  Males Females Total p-value+
  (n = 237) 42.1% (n = 326) 57.9% (n = 563) 100%  
Age group        0.023
   20–30 yrs. 128 54.0 170 52.2 298 52.9  
   31–50 yrs. 67 28.3 120 36.8 187 33.2  
   > 50 yrs. 42 17.7 36 11.0 78 13.9  
Educational status        0.030
   Illiterate 34 14.3 78 23.9 112 19.9  
   Less than high school 84 35.4 105 32.2 189 33.6  
   High school 72 30.4 95 29.2 167 29.6  
   Some college or more 47 19.8 48 14.7 95 16.9  
Monthly household income        0.005
   Less than 300 OMR*. 72 31.3 139 44.7 211 39.0  
   300 – 1000 OMR. 126 54.8 143 46.0 269 49.7  
   More than 1000 OMR. 32 13.9 29 09.3 61 11.3  
Diabetes status- self reported        0.567
   Diabetic 14 05.9 23 07.1 37 06.6  
   Non-diabetic 223 94.1 303 92.9 526 93.4  
Hypertension status- self reported        0.135
   Hypertensive 21 08.9 42 12.9 63 11.2  
   Non-hypertensive 216 91.1 284 87.1 500 88.8  
Family history of diabetes        0.196
   Positive history 120 50.6 183 56.1 303 53.8  
   No OR not sure 117 49.4 143 43.9 260 46.2  
* OMR = Omani Rial which is 2.6 to US Dollar
  1. +p-values for comparisons between the gender difference