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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of the study sample (N = 4,414)

From: Smoking patterns and sociodemographic factors associated with tobacco use among Chinese rural male residents: a descriptive analysis

Variable N % of total Smokers (n, %)
Geographic region    
   Subei 958 21.7 584 (61.0)
   Jinnan 1375 31.2 915 (66.6)
   Jinbei 1259 18.6 850 (67.5)
   Guiyang 822 28.5 601 (73.1)
   χ 2: 29.85, df=2, P<.001  
Age (years)    
   < 25 759 17.2 459 (60.5)
   25 – 34 981 22.2 675 (68.8)
   35 – 44 1444 32.7 936(64.8)
   45 - 1230 27.8 880(71.5)
   χ 2: 30.53 df=3, P<0.01  
Education    
   Elementary school 1864 42.2 1273 (68.3)
   Middle school 1900 43.0 1281 (67.4)
   High school 516 11.7 333 (64.5)
   College or higher 134 3.0 63 (47.0)
   χ 2: 27.06, df=3, P<0.01  
Martial status    
   Never married 358 8.1 165 (46.1)
   Married 3970 89.9 2731 (68.8)
   Divorced/widowed 86 2.0 54 (62.8)
   χ 2: 77.00, df=2, P<0.01  
Ethnicity    
   Han 4320 97.9 2880 (66.8)
   Minority 94 2.1 70 (74.5)
  χ 2: 2.53, df=1, P>0.05   
Occupation    
   Farm jobs 1871 42.4 1292 (69.1)
   Floating jobs# 1533 34.7 1016 (66.3)
   Non-farm related jobs 683 11.7 466 (67.4)
   Others (no work capacity) 327 7.4 182 (55.7)
   χ 2: 22.59, df=3, P<0.01  
Average annual income per person (¥)*    
   < 1000 983 22.3 608(61.9)
   1000–1999 1808 41.0 1233 (68.2)
   2000–2999 891 20.2 597 (67.0)
   3000–3999 377 8.5 289 (76.6)
   >= 4000 355 8.0 223 (62.8)
   χ 2: 31.53, df=5, P<0.01  
  1. #Jobs that required going from place to place. * US$1 = RMB7.6