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Table 2 Adjusted prevalence odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the associations between prostate cancer diagnosis and lifestyle behaviors, body mass index, and perceived health.

From: Lifestyle behaviors, obesity, and perceived health among men with and without a diagnosis of prostate cancer: A population-based, cross-sectional study

Lifestyle/health factor Unadjusted OR (95% CI) *Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Fruit and vegetable servings   
   ≥ 5 per day 1.75 (1.49 – 2.08) 1.30 (1.09 – 1.56)
   < 5 per day ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Smoking status   
   Current smoker 0.44 (0.35 – 0.54) 0.86 (0.68 – 1.08)
   Non-smoker ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Binge alcohol use   
   At risk 0.35 (0.26 – 0.47) 0.81 (0.59 – 1.11)
   Not at risk ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Heavy alcohol consumption   
   At risk 0.57 (0.38 – 0.86) 0.79 (0.50 – 1.24)
   Not at risk ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Sedentary behavior   
   Yes 1.05 (0.90 – 1.23) 0.91 (0.77 – 1.09)
   No ¶1.00 ¶1.00
Body mass index   
   < 25 ¶1.00 ¶1.00
   25 – 30 0.98 (0.82 – 1.16) 1.13 (0.95 – 1.35)
   > 30 0.64 (0.52 – 0.78) 0.87 (0.70 – 1.08)
Perceived health   
   Poor/fair 2.68 (2.25 – 3.19) 1.62 (1.33 – 1.97)
   Good 1.64 (1.37 – 1.95) 1.30 (1.07 – 1.57)
   Very good/excellent ¶1.00 ¶1.00
  1. *Adjusted for race, age in years, education (< 12 yrs, 12 yrs, > 12 yrs), and urbanicity (rural/urban residence).
  2. ¶1.00 – Reference category