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Table 1 Vitalum sample description (N = 1,629)

From: Vitalum study design: RCT evaluating the efficacy of tailored print communication and telephone motivational interviewing on multiple health behaviors

  %/Mean, SD (range)
Gender  
   % male 55
Age 57.1, 7.1 (44.9–70.9)
Native country  
   % the Netherlands 95
Education level*  
   % low 54
   % intermediate 23
   % high 23
Hypertension  
   % Hypertensive 52
Body Mass Index 27.4, 4.6 (15.2–46.7)
   % < 18.5 1
   % 18.5–25 31
   % 25–30 45
   % >= 30 22
Smoking behavior  
   % nonsmokers 78
Alcohol consumption**  
   Glasses/day 1.1, 1.4 (0–9)
   % meeting guideline 86
Saturated fat intake  
   Fat score 17.8, 5.9 (2–37)
   % meeting guideline 30
PA  
   Hours/week moderately physically active 4.7, 3.8 (0–20.2)
   % >= 2.5 hours/week moderately physically active 61
   Days/week moderately physically active 2.2, 1.6 (0–7)
   % >= 5 days/week moderately physically active 6
   % meeting guideline combined 0
Fruit consumption  
   Pieces of fruit/day 2.1, 1.6 (0–8.9)
   % >= 2 pieces/day 41
   Days/week at least 2 pieces/day 3, 2.5 (0–7)
   % >= 7 days/week at least 2 pieces/day 13
   % meeting guideline combined 11
Vegetable consumption  
   Grams of vegetables/day 165.2, 82.4 (0–494.7)
   % >= 200 grams/day 31
   Days/week at least 200 grams/day 4.1, 2.0 (0–7)
   % >= 7 days/week at least 200 grams/day 11
   % meeting guideline combined 7
  1. * Education level was classified as: low in participants with no education, primary, lower secondary vocational, preparatory vocational or junior general secondary education; intermediate in participants with senior secondary vocational, technical secondary, upper vocational secondary, senior general secondary or university preparatory education; and high in participants with higher professional or university education [125-127].
  2. ** Participants were classified as meeting the alcohol consumption guideline if they consumed fewer than 3 glasses a day (men) or fewer than 2 glasses a day (women) [10].