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Table 2 Use and Helpfulness of Help-seeking Strategies

From: Do 'alternative' help-seeking strategies affect primary care service use? A survey of help-seeking for mental distress

Themes BEMI-I What is the best way to resolve or deal with your distress? n (%) (n = 117) BEMI-C Have you tried the strategy to resolve your distress? n (%) (n = 113)a BEMI-C Have you found the strategy helpful to resolve your distress? n (%) (n = 113)a
Self Directed help-seeking strategies    
Keeping Busy 1 (.9%) 72 (63.7%) 45 (39.8%)
Exercise 1 (.9%) 67 (59.3%) 41 (36.3%)
Dieting/Fasting 2 (1.7%) 47 (41.6%) 20 (17.7%)
Thinking 0 42 (37.2%) 21 (18.6%)
Using alcohol, drugs 0 38 (33.6%) 13 (11.5%)
Spending time on a hobby 1 (.9%) 29 (25.7%) 21 (18.6%)
Dancing 0 21 (18.6%) 17 (15.0%)
Chanting 0 18 (15.9%) 10 (8.8%)
Overall endorsement of self directed strategies % of individuals who used 1 or more   102 (90.3%) 78 (69.0%)
Social help-seeking strategies    
Talk to your friends 4 (3.4%) 71 (62.8%) 49 (43.4%)
Talk to your family 3 (2.6%) 71 (62.8%) 45 (39.8%)
Socialising 2 (1.7%) 65 (57.5%) 44 (38.9%)
Overall endorsement of social strategies % of individuals who used 1 or more   96 (85%) 75 (66.4%)
Spiritual help-seeking strategies    
Praying 1 (.9%) 47 (41.6%) 30 (26.5%)
Medical help-seeking strategies    
Talk to your GP 6 (5.1%) 53 (46.9%) 29 (25.7%)
Taking medication 9 (7.7%) 50 (44.2%) 31 (27.4%)
Overall endorsement of medical strategies % of individuals who used 1 or more   68 (60.2%) 47 (41.6%)
Alternative help-seeking strategies    
Using herbal remedies 1 (.9%) 39 (34.5%) 21 (18.6%)
Relaxation/massage 4 (3.4%) 33 (29.2%) 25 (22.1%)
Seeing a traditional healer 1 (.9%) 22 (19.5%) 11 (9.7%)
Yoga/meditation 2 (1.7%) 11 (9.7%) 5 (4.4%)
Overall endorsement of alternative strategies % of individuals who used 1 or more   64 (56.6%) 38 (33.6%)
  1. NB
  2. a Total participant numbers differed due to missing data on BEMI checklists.
  3. Overall percentages are higher than 100% as multiple answers were possible