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Table 4 Table 4

From: Physical activity as a possible mechanism behind the relationship between green space and health: A multilevel analysis

a: Multivariate regression analysis for the influence of the percentage of green space on sports and walking and cycling during leisure time: parameter and standard error [p-value]
  Sports (n = 4.899) Walking during Leisure time (n = 4.899) Cycling during leisure time (n = 4.899)
  1 km 3 km 1 km 3 km 1 km 3 km
Physically active (yes/no)       
Percentage of green (1 km) .002 (.002)
[p = .255]
  -.007 (.002)
[p < .001]
  -.006 (.002)
[p < .001]
 
Percentage of green (3 km)   .003 (.002)
[p = .234]
  -.006 (.002)
[p = .009]
  -.0004 (.003)
[p = .887]
Minutes of activity per week (calculated for those who are physically active)       
Percentage of green (1 km) .14 (.3)
[p = .582]
  -.24 (.24)
[p = .317]
  -.3 (.2)
[p = .145]
 
Percentage of green (3 km)   -.05 (.4)
[p = .897]
  -.98 (.32)**
[p = .002]
  -.3 (.3)
[p = .204]
Note All analyses are controlled for age, gender, level of education, income and urbanicity.
b: Multivariate regression analysis for the influence of the percentage of green space on walking and cycling for commuting purposes and gardening: parameter and standard error [p-value]
  Walking for commuting purposes (n = 2.816) Cycling for commuting purposes (n = 2.816) Gardening (n = 3.951)
  1 km 3 km 1 km 3 km 1 km 3 km
Physically active (yes/no)       
Percentage of green (1 km) .002 (.004)
[p = .5912]
  -.005 (.002)
[p = .032]
  .008 (.002)
[p < .001]
 
Percentage of green (3 km)   -.001 (.005)
[p = .844]
  -.007 (.004)
[p = .110]
  .005 (.003)
[p = .062]
Minutes of activity per week (calculated for those who are physically active)       
Percentage of green (1 km) .9 (.5)
[p = .086]
  .83 (.2)
[p < .001]
  1.4 (.3)
[p < .001]
 
Percentage of green (3 km)   .4 (.7)
[p = .622]
  .62 (.25)*
[p = .014]
  1.45 (.45)
[p = .001]
Note All analyses are controlled for age, gender, level of education, income and urbanicity.