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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: The relationship between smokers' motivation to quit and intensity of tobacco control at the population level: a comparison of five European countries

   Germany Greece Poland Sweden UK
  n 700 700 700 700 700
Age (in years) Mean 40.2 38.2 40.3 39.7 39.2
  SD 11.89 10.99 12.60 11.99 11.98
Sex Female 51% 58% 60% 58% 55%
Marital status b Any (married) 64% (49%) 68 (58%) 67% (60%) 63% (58%) 58% (42%)
Smoking status a Daily smokers 26.0% 40.4% 28.0% 14.4% 15.0%
  Hard-core smokers 7.6% 24.6% 18.9% 16.0% 17.2%
  Occasional smokers 7.1% 8.4% 6.6% 5.7% 4.8%
  quitters 1.6% 0.9% 2.3% 0.6% 1.7%
  1. a Smoking status was assessed by asking "Have you smoked cigarettes in the last six months?" with the response pattern (a) at least one cigarette per day for daily smokers, (b) occasionally for occasional smokers and (c) no, no cigarettes for non-smokers. To further confirm the status we asked "And is this the status today?" with people indicating "no" being categorized as quitters. Participants were asked when they smoke their first cigarette in the morning and are considered hard-core smokers when this happens in the first 5 minutes after waking.
  2. b Marital status: any = living in any relationship; married = being married