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Table 7 Inequalities by socio-economic status in preventive care and illness in children under two years (source: household survey)

From: Health and survival of young children in southern Tanzania

Indicator Number of children Percentage of children Poorest – Least Poor Ratio Q1/Q5 P*
   Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5   
VACCINE COVERAGE & VITAMIN A (in children aged 12–23 months)
BCG before 12 months of age 642/719 84 89 93 88 92 0.9 0.15
DPT-HepB3 before 12 months of age 584/719 76 79 86 75 90 0.8 0.03
OPV3 before 12 months of age 652/719 87 90 94 90 92 0.9 0.25
Measles before 12 months of age 495/719 61 68 68 71 74 0.8 0.02
Vitamin A in previous 6 months 499/705 67 64 75 72 76 0.9 0.15
MOSQUITO NETS (in children aged 0–23 months)
Slept under a net last night 413/1,389 16 21 28 29 50 0.3 <0.0001
Slept under a treated net last night 159/1,389 4 5 11 10 25 0.2 <0.0001
Slept under a recently-treated net last night 125/1,389 3 4 6 9 20 0.2 <0.0001
MALARIA AND ANAEMIA (in children aged 0–23 months)
Malaria parasitaemia 778/1,244 68 67 68 64 50 1.4 0.0001
Severe anaemia (Hb < 8 g/dL) 383/1,246 46 31 33 29 21 2.2 <0.0001
RECENT ILLNESS AND CARE-SEEKING (in children aged 0–23 months)
Illness in the last two weeks 670/1,398 44 50 51 47 47 0.9 0.90
Sought care from a Western-style health care provider (hospital, health centre, dispensary etc) 307/670 44 47 45 42 49 0.9 0.81
Admissions in the previous year 226/1,402 20 13 13 18 17 1.2 0.77
NUTRITION
Exclusive breastfeeding in children under 6 months old 77/327 30 20 33 21 17 1.8 0.09
Underweight (weight-for-age z-score under -2) in children 0–23 months old 397/1,233 43 32 30 35 25 1.7 0.001
  1. * Test for trend