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Table 4 Predictive model for overweight and obesity (N = 26,777) [all analyses are mutually adjusted for all the listed factors]

From: Predictors of overweight and obesity in five to seven-year-old children in Germany: Results from cross-sectional studies

  Overweight OR (95% CI) Obesity OR (95% CI)
Female Sex 1.45 (1.35–1.55) 1.30 (1.15–1.47)
Age 1.05 (0.95–1.17) 0.86 (0.72–1.04)
Other than German nationality 1.52 (1.39–1.84) 1.60 (1.26–2.03)
Study region (East/West) 0.96 (0.87–1.06) 1.02 (0.86–1.22)
Study location (urban/rural) 0.97 (0.90–1.06) 1.08 (0.92–1.26)
Study year 1.06 (1.05–1.08) 1.10 (1.07–1.12)
Educational level* 0.87 (0.82–0.92) 0.80 (0.73–0.89)
Living space > 75 m2 0.86 (0.80–0.93) 0.80 (0.69–0.92)
Number of persons 0.91 (0.86–0.96) 0.91 (0.83–1.00)
Single child 1.16 (1.04–1.29) 1.13 (0.93–1.37)
Attendance of day nursery 0.97 (0.90–1.05) 0.87 (0.76–1.01)
Smoking in the living place 1.32 (1.21–1.43) 1.46 (1.26–1.70)
Passive smoking during the first three years of life 1.02 (0.94–1.11) 1.13 (0.98–1.32)
Smoking during pregnancy 1.11 (1.00–1.23) 1.13 (0.95–1.36)
Breastfeeding for more than three months 0.88 (0.81–0.95) 0.82 (0.71–0.95)
Preterm delivery 1.53 (1.30–1.80) 1.16 (0.84–1.62)
Birth weight** 1.43 (1.38–1.49) 1.49 (1.39–1.59)
Association of predicted probabilities and observed responses
(p-value***)
0.15 0.53
  1. *OR for a unit increase in educational level
  2. **OR for a unit increase in birth weight level
  3. *** corresponding to Hosmer and Lemeshow Goodness-of-Fit Test