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Table 1 Malaria symptoms mentioned most frequently by shopkeepers (N = 489)

From: Malaria treatment in the retail sector: Knowledge and practices of drug sellers in rural Tanzania

  Drug store General shop  
Symptom % (95% CI) % (95% CI) P*
N 29 460  
What are symptoms of malaria?
Fever 86 (68–96) 60 (56–65) 0.006
Headache 86 (68–96) 40 (36–45) 0.000
Joint pains 62 (42–79) 39 (34–44) 0.014
Vomiting 86 (68–96) 33 (28–37) <0.001
Malaise 31 (15–51) 20 (16–24) 0.138
Feeling cold 17 (6–36) 16 13–20) 0.895
Poor appetite 21 (8–40) 10 (7–13) 0.063
Weakness 28 (13–47) 7 (5–10) <0.001
Diarrhoea 28 (13–47) 6 (4–8) <0.001
Dizziness 14 (4–32) 4 (2–6) 0.013
Don't know 0 (0–12) 12 (9–15) 0.053
What are symptoms of severe malaria?
Changed behaviour 24 (10–44) 17 (14–21) 0.326
Unconsciousness/coma 17 (6–36) 7 (5–10) 0.059
Weakness 35 (18–54) 18 (15–22) 0.027
Anaemia 10 (2–27) 1 (0–2) <0.001
Convulsions (degedege) 52 (33–71) 10 (7–13) <0.001
Splenomegaly (bandama) 3 (0–18) 0 (0–1) 0.008
High fever 79 (60–92) 44 (39–38) <0.001
Don't know 3 (0–18) 27 (23–32) 0.005
  1. * Wilcoxon rank sign test