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Table 2 Evaluation methods used for the French (2SE FAG) and British (PRISM and RMS) military syndromic surveillance systems and their main results

From: Proposal of a framework for evaluating military surveillance systems for early detection of outbreaks on duty areas

Evaluation programme Existing Non-existent Existing
   Methods Survey of data input personnel during deployment of the prototype (French Guiana, 2004) Technical audit on a prototype (exercise in Oman, 1991) Multinational exercise (Afghanistan, 2006)
   Actors 2SE FAG team PRISM team RMS team SACT team
   Results Improvement of computerisation Adaptation of the training programme Building of the evaluation programme Improved technical functioning Development of analysis method
   Methods Simulation exercise (2005) Ergonomic studies (2005–2006) KAP survey (2006) Multinational exercise (Afghanistan, 2006) Technical audits (2006–2007) Evaluation of data input personnel activities -
   Actors 2SE FAG team ISPED SACT team PRISM team  
   Results Continuous improvement process Evolution of recording software Cessation of PDA use in the field Development of analysis method Adaptation of indicators for commanders Compliance rate of 10% for data input personnel  
   Methods CDC framework Simulation exercise General audit (2004) -
   Actors LSTM PRISM team PRISM team 2SE FAG team  
   Results Lessons for generalisation of the system (2SE DJIB and others) Lessons for development of RMS  
  1. 2SE FAG: "Système de surveillance en temps réel au sein des forces armées en Guyane"
  2. 2SE DJIB: Système de surveillance en temps réel au sein des forces françaises à Djibouti"
  3. PRISM: Prototype Remote Illness and Symptom Monitor
  4. RMS: Real-time Medical Surveillance
  5. IE: initial evaluation, INTE: intermediate evaluation, FE: final evaluation
  6. KAP: Knowledge, Attitude and Practice
  7. SACT: Supreme Allied Command Transformation (NATO)
  8. ISPED: Institut de Santé Publique, Epidémiologie et Développement
  9. LSTM: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine