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Table 2 Prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in population-based studies from Europe

From: Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in population-based studies: Systematic review

    Prevalence of CKD
Author [ref.] year Country Study population, study design, number of participants, response, age, gender MDRD equation CG/BSA equation
Brugts et al. [28] 2005 Netherlands Participants of the Rotterdam Study, prospective cohort study, N = 4484, response 78%, aged ≥ 55 yrs. (mean age: 69.6 yrs.), 36.3% males. NR    Overall: 44.9%  
Cirillo et al. [29] 2006 Italy Participants from central Italy, cross-sectional study, N = 4574, response NR, aged 18–95 yrs., 45.5% males. Overall: 6.4%
Men: 6.5%, Women: 6.2%
   NR  
    Age (yrs.) Men Women   
    18–44 0.6% 1.3%   
    45–54 2.6% 1.3%   
    55–64 7.3% 5.4%   
    65–74 15.0% 11.0%   
    75+ 34.5% 31.6%   
Hallan et al. [30] 2006 Norway Participants of the second Health Survey of Nord-Trondelag County (HUNT II), cross-sectional study, N = 65181, response 70.4%, aged ≥ 20 yrs. (mean age: 50.2 yrs.), 46.8% men. Overall: 4.7%
Men: 3.6%, Women: 5.7%
   NR  
    Age (yrs.)     
    20–39 0.2%    
    30–59 1.4%    
    60–69 6.3%    
    70+ 18.6%    
Nitsch et al. [31] 2006 Switzerland Participants of the Swiss SAPALDIA Study, random sample, cross-sectional study, N = 6317, response NR, aged ≥ 18 yrs., 49% males. Overall: 8.1%
Men: 4.5%, Women: 11.5%
   NR  
    Age (yrs.) Men Women   
    < 55 1.1% 7.9%   
    55–65 7.1% 23.5%   
    66+ 12.9% 35.9%   
Otero et al. [32] 2005 Spain Randomly selected participants of the Estudio Epidemioloógic o de la Insuficiencia Renal en Espana (EPIRCE) pilot study, cross-sectional study, N = 237, response NR, aged ≥ 20 yrs. (mean age: 49.58 yrs.), 42.6% males. Overall: 5.1%    NR  
Verhave et al. [33] 2004 Netherlands Participants of the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-stage Disease Study, cohort study, N = 6022, response NR, aged 28–75 yrs. (mean age: 48 yrs.), 51.5% males. NR    Overall: 4.2%  
Viktorsdottir et al. [34] 2005 Iceland Participants of the Reykijavik Heart Study, cross-sectional study. N = 19256, response NR, aged 33–85 yrs., 48% males. Overall: 7.2%
Men: 3.7%, Women: 10.9%
   Overall: 24.7%
Men: 19%, Women: 30%
 
    Age (yrs.) Men Women   
    35–39 0.8% 2.2%   
    40–44 1.1% 3.0%   
    45–49 1.3% 4.4%   
    50–54 2.3% 6.3%   
    55–59 2.4% 7.6%   
    60–64 5.2% 11.7%   
    65–69 13.5% 36.1%   
    70–74 17.0% 38.1%   
    75–79 19.5% 35.3%   
    80+ 24.5% 53.1%   
Wasen et al. [35] 2004 Finland Participants from elderly residents in a community, cross-sectional study, N = 1246, response 83%, age 64–100 yrs. (mean age: 74 yrs.), 42% males. Overall: 35.8%    Overall: 58.5%  
  1. MDRD: simplified equation of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study.
  2. CG/BSA: Cockcroft-Gault formula adjusted by Body Surface Area.
  3. GFR: Glomerular Filtration Rate.
  4. NR: Not reported.