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Table 3 Distribution of extrapulmonary disease by HIV status and foreign birth*.

From: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus, and foreign birth in North Carolina, 1993 – 2006

Extrapulmonary site All EPTB cases (%) n = 1,366 HIV + (%) n = 151 HIV- (%) n = 757 P value Foreign born (%) n = 402 US born (%) n = 964 P value
Bone and/or joint 164 (12.0) 4 (2.7) 96 (12.7) .003 48 (11.9) 116 (12.0) .96
Genitourinary 78 (5.7) 5 (3.3) 40 (5.3) .31 24 (6.0) 54 (5.6) .79
Lymphatic: cervical 215 (15.7) 30 (19.9) 131 (17.3) .45 119 (29.6) 96 (10.0) <.001
Lymphatic: other 147 (10.8) 28 (18.5) 70 (9.3) .008 41 (10.2) 106 (11.0) .66
Meningeal 66 (4.8) 6 (4.0) 39 (5.2) .54 21 (5.2) 45 (4.7) .66
Miliary 158 (11.6) 38 (25.2) 87 (11.5) <.001 35 (8.7) 123 (12.8) .03
Other 135 (9.9) 15 (10.0) 73 (9.6) .91 40 (10.0) 95 (9.9) .96
Peritoneal 60 (4.4) 7 (4.6) 40 (5.3) .74 12 (3.0) 48 (5.0) .10
Pleural 343 (25.1) 18 (11.9) 181(23.9) .001 62 (15.4) 281 (29.2) <.001
  1. * 458 (33.5%) of EPTB cases were missing HIV status.
  2. Chi-square p-value for each category compared to all others