Skip to main content

Table 2 Gender-stratified relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals of mortality due to stroke, coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer, respiratory disease, external causes and all causes according to marital status.

From: Marital status and mortality among Japanese men and women: the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study

  Men Women
Marital Status Married Widowed Divorced Single Married Widowed Divorced Single
Stroke 514 56 7 8 319 161 14 6
   RR (95%CI) * 1.0 1.55(1.17–2.05) 1.18(0.56–2.49) 2.25(1.12–4.53) 1.0 1.13(0.93–1.39) 1.39(0.81–2.37) 0.91(0.40–2.03)
   RR (95%CI) ** 1.0 1.51(1.14–2.00) 1.13(0.53–2.39) 2.29(1.12–4.69) 1.0 1.10(0.90–1.35) 1.31(0.76–2.26) 0.87(0.38–1.97)
Coronary Heart Disease 254 27 6 7 120 69 4 3
   RR (95%CI) * 1.0 1.70(1.14–2.55) 2.02(0.90–4.54) 3.49(1.64–7.42) 1.0 1.16(0.85–1.59) 1.03(0.38–2.80) 1.20(0.38–3.77)
   RR (95%CI) ** 1.0 1.60(1.07–2.40) 1.73(0.76–3.90) 3.46(1.57–7.58) 1.0 1.14(0.83–1.56) 0.82(0.29–2.26) 1.07(0.33–3.46)
Cardiovascular Disease 1158 121 22 25 670 349 22 21
   RR (95%CI) * 1.0 1.53(1.26–1.85) 1.64(1.07–2.50) 2.98(2.01–4.44) 1.0 1.10(0.96–1.26) 1.02(0.67–1.57) 1.51(0.98–2.33)
   RR (95%CI) ** 1.0 1.46(1.20–1.77) 1.50(0.98–2.29) 2.95(1.96–4.45) 1.0 1.07(0.93–1.23) 0.95(0.62–1.46) 1.47(0.94–2.30)
Cancer 1903 139 25 17 912 287 30 26
   RR (95%CI) * 1.0 1.27(1.07–1.51) 1.11(0.74–1.64) 1.02(0.63–1.65) 1.0 1.00(0.87–1.15) 1.13(0.78–1.62) 1.40(0.95–2.06)
   RR (95%CI) ** 1.0 1.22(1.02–1.45) 1.01(0.68–1.50) 0.91(0.56–1.47) 1.0 0.96(0.84–1.11) 1.02(0.70–1.47) 1.25(0.84–1.87)
Respiratory disease 519 49 13 10 158 89 12 7
   RR (95%CI) * 1.0 1.13(0.84–1.52) 2.16(1.25–3.75) 3.32(1.78–6.22) 1.0 0.97(0.74–1.27) 2.27(1.26–4.08) 2.07(0.97–4.41)
   RR (95%CI) ** 1.0 1.05(0.78–1.41) 2.03(1.17–3.54) 2.36(1.24–4.51) 1.0 0.89(0.67–1.17) 2.12(1.17–3.85) 1.38(0.63–3.02)
External causes 342 25 11 8 184 55 2 7
   RR (95%CI) * 1.0 1.64(1.08–2.47) 2.51(1.37–4.57) 2.01(0.99–4.07) 1.0 1.11(0.80–1.53) 0.38(0.10–1.54) 1.88(0.89–4.01)
   RR (95%CI) ** 1.0 1.53(1.01–2.31) 2.27(1.24–4.17) 2.18(1.05–4.52) 1.0 1.10(0.79–1.52) 0.38(0.09–1.53) 1.66(0.76–3.61)
All causes 4467 382 88 74 2257 943 77 77
   RR (95%CI) * 1.0 1.37(1.23–1.53) 1.68(1.36–2.08) 2.08(1.65–2.62) 1.0 1.06(0.98–1.15) 1.11(0.89–1.40) 1.65(1.32–2.07)
   RR (95%CI) ** 1.0 1.30(1.17–1.45) 1.49(1.21–1.85) 1.85(1.46–2.34) 1.0 1.02(0.94–1.11) 1.01(0.80–1.27) 1.46(1.15–1.84)
  1. *Adjusted for age.
  2. ** Adjusted for categories for multivariate adjustment were as follows: age, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol intake, education, minutes of walking, hours of doing sports, employment status, stress, having children, history of hypertension, and history of diabetes.