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Table 1 Gender-stratified, age-adjusted mean values or prevalence of confounding factors atbaseline according to marital status

From: Marital status and mortality among Japanese men and women: the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study

  Marital Status
  Men Women
Marital Status Married Widowed Divorced Single P-value Married Widowed Divorced Single P-value
No. at risk 35,359 1,229 554 639   43,341 6,929 1,172 841  
   Age, year 56.5 65.7 53.5 48.5 <0.001 55.5 65.6 56.2 55.9 <0.001
   Body mass index, kg/m2 22.7 22.5 22.3 22.0 <0.001 22.9 22.9 22.7 22.1 <0.001
   History of hypertension, % 19.8 19.4 20.3 16.3 0.20 21.4 23.9 19.9 17.7 <0.001
   History of diabetes, % 6.5 6.3 10.5 5.5 0.004 3.6 4.3 4.4 4.2 0.06
   Ethanol intake, g/day 34.2 35.7 34.6 30.7 0.01 9.9 11.1 20.6 13.9 <0.001
   Walk 30 minutes or more/day, % 68.9 67.9 68.0 67.5 0.81 72.1 71.3 67.0 64.0 <0.001
   Sport 5 hours or more/week, % 7.0 7.2 10.9 7.2 0.01 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.2 0.98
   College or higher education, % 13.5 10.8 11.9 12.0 0.13 7.9 6.8 8.0 10.3 <0.001
   Employed % 82.7 74.8 71.5 63.2 <0.001 38.1 42.2 47.1 45.7 <0.001
   High Stress % 23.3 25.8 25.8 18.0 0.007 20.3 20.8 24.5 23.6 0.004
   Current smoker, % 52.9 60.3 62.4 55.4 <0.001 4.4 7.7 21.5 9.9 <0.001
   Low interest in health screening, % 18.0 21.6 23.7 27.8 <0.001 14.5 17.6 18.6 25.3 <0.001
   No child, % 2.4 3.4 17.1 93.6 <0.001 2.8 3.9 9.7 96.3 <0.001
Psychological variables, %           
   Hopelessness 6.7 14.3 14.7 21.5 <0.001 7.9 12.5 10.5 21.2 <0.001
   No joyfulness 3.5 6.8 8.1 13.9 <0.001 4.1 5.4 8.3 9.1 <0.001
   Not being trusted 10.0 15.1 16.1 23.1 <0.001 12.0 16.0 15.3 25.4 <0.001
   No fulfillment 26.2 35.7 40.9 36.6 <0.001 31.2 43.7 51.7 45.8 <0.001
   No quick response 8.1 10.5 9.0 21.2 <0.001 11.4 13.8 11.4 23.0 <0.001
   Likely to be angry 89.1 83.7 90.6 81.6 <0.001 85.2 82.5 84.3 80.2 <0.001
   Likely to be in hurry 92.5 88.6 91.2 80.9 <0.001 91.6 88.3 90.3 79.0 <0.001