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Table 7 Parameter estimates (SE) for cross-level interactions for the Townsend score, Income Support and Income-based Jobseekers Allowance

From: Measuring the neighbourhood using UK benefits data: a multilevel analysis of mental health status

   Townsend score IS IBJSA
Variable Category Parameter estimatea (SE) 95% CI Parameter estimatea (SE) 95% CI Parameter estimatea (SE) 95% CI
Age groupb (17–24 reference) Main effect of contextual variable -0.751
0.335
-1.411,
-0.095
-0.558
0.334
-1.210,
0.090
-0.603
0.366
-1.328,
0.109
  25–34 -0.129
0.426
-0.968,
0.711
-0.386
0.422
-1.188,
0.442
-0.351
0.458
-1.236,
0.551
  35–44 0.012
0.419
-0.804,
0.828
-0.243
0.416
-1.041,
0.569
-0.187
0.455
-1.069,
0.695
  45–54 -0.244
0.413
-1.067,
0.558
-0.511
0.411
-1.327,
0.293
-0.373
0.443
-1.234,
0.497
  55–64 -0.873
0.425
-1.685,
-0.011
-1.383
0.423
-2.182,
-0.534
-0.819
0.459
-1.695,
0.109
  65–74 -0.766
0.443
-1.633,
0.108
-1.122
0.436
-1.987,
-0.279
-0.968
0.477
-1.901,
-0.037
Gender (male reference) Main effect of contextual variable -0.830
0.175
-1.174,
-0.487
-0.950
0.173
-1.282,
-0.614
-0.747
0.194
-1.132,
-0.364
  Female -0.428
0.224
-0.879,
0.005
-0.415
0.219
-0.856,
0.008
-0.573
0.240
-1.059,
-0.107
Social class (I&II reference) Main effect of contextual variable -0.899
0.233
-1.354,
-0.435
-1.028
0.242
-1.506,
-0.545
-1.191
0.261
-1.696,
-0.671
  III non-manual -0.272
0.320
-0.908,
0.349
-0.212
0.324
-0.844,
0.421
0.083
0.352
-0.599,
0.771
  III manual 0.317
0.361
-0.398,
1.026
0.282
0.358
-0.428,
0.982
0.617
0.390
-0.157,
1.379
  IV -0.237
0.352
-0.922,
0.476
-0.178
0.348
-0.855,
0.527
0.199
0.374
-0.533,
0.958
  V 0.454
0.600
-0.731,
1.602
0.118
0.562
-0.983,
1.189
0.438
0.606
-0.762,
1.613
  Other/missing -1.168
0.400
-1.949,
-0.391
-1.058
0.393
-1.829,
-0.277
-0.487
0.418
-1.299,
0.340
Employment Status (employed reference) Main effect of contextual variable -0.460
0.162
-0.777,
-0.136
-0.409
0.160
-0.723,
-0.084
-0.534
0.181
-0.890,
-0.166
  Economically active 0.897
0.685
-0.452,
2.247
0.570
0.652
-0.713,
1.860
0.021
0.677
-1.310,
1.356
  Economically inactive -1.548
0.234
-2.006,
-1.090
-1.867
0.228
-2.313,
-1.423
-1.353
0.251
-1.848,
-0.866
  Missing -0.164
1.625
-3.303,
2.903
-0.180
1.464
-3.001,
2.607
2.505
1.476
-0.375,
5.352
  1. a Adjusted for age, age squared, gender, social class, marital status, carer status, employment status, and housing tenure.
  2. b Only the agegroup model has agegroup main effects, all others model age and age squared
  3. IS: Income Support
  4. IBJSA: Income-based Job Seekers Allowance
  5. IB/SDA: Incapacity Benefit, Severe Disablement Allowance
  6. DLA/AA: Disability Living Allowance and Attendance Allowance