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Table 3 determinants of referral for domiciliary PCTs by selected characteristics.

From: Inequity in the provision of and access to palliative care for cancer patients. Results from the Italian survey of the dying of cancer (ISDOC)

  1998 Italian cancer deaths 3 Referred to domiciliary PCTs
  No. % 2 (95%CI)
AGE AT DEATH (years)    
   18–54 10,296 13.5 (6.7 – 25.4)
   55–64 19,451 16.4 (8.8 – 28.6)
   65–74 44,336 14.9 (8.3 – 25.4)
   75–84 55,093 15.0 (8.8 – 24.4)
   85+ 26,270 5.8 (2.6 – 12.6)
   P = 0.01
GENDER    
   Males 89,265 13.9 (8.5 – 21.9)
   Females 66,181 12.9 (7.2 – 22.2)
   P = 0.66
EDUCATION (years)    
   ≤ 5 103,804 12.0 (7.0 – 19.8)
   6–9 26,699 15.8 (9.3 – 25.6)
   10+ 24,628 17.6 (9.5 – 30.3)
   P = 0.08
MARITAL STATUS    
   Single 1 61,103 9.8 (5.4 – 17.1)
   Married 93,220 16.1 (9.8 – 25.4)
   P = 0.01
PLACE OF RESIDENCE    
   North West 47,988 18.1 (8.7 – 33.9)
   North East 32,954 17.6 (7.5 – 36.1)
   Center 35,772 15.6 (4.7 – 40.9)
   South and islands 38,732 2.3 (0.6 – 8.2)
   P = 0.04
PRIMARY TUMOR    
   Head and neck 3,455 16.6 (6.5 – 36.3)
   Digestive system 56,114 12.4 (7.4 – 20.1)
   Respiratory system 33,510 13.7 (7.1 – 24.9)
   Breast 15,269 15.4 (7.8 – 28.1)
   Genitourinary system 22,766 19.4 (11.5 – 31.0)
   Haematological 11,487 5.9 (2.7 – 12.5)
   Others and unspecified 12,845 10.9 (5.6 – 19.9)
   P = 0.19
MONTHS SINCE DIAGNOSIS    
   1–3 28,657 9.6 (5.1 – 17.5)
   4–6 20,397 9.4 (4.3 – 19.2)
   7–12 27,612 15.1 (7.9 – 26.5)
   13–36 41,260 15.1 (9.1 – 24.1)
   > 36 31,737 17.9 (10.2 – 29.6)
   P < 0.01
NUMBER OF COHABITANTS    
   None 19,098 8.5 (3.4 – 19.6)
   1 64,791 16.0 (10.2 – 24.0)
   2 35,634 15.0 (7.7 – 26.8)
   3+ 35,923 10.3 (4.7 – 21.2)
   P = 0.69
CAREGIVER (relationship)    
   Spouse – partner 48,181 15.9 (9.5 – 25.3)
   Child 71,696 14.1 (8.3 – 23.0)
   Others 35,568 9.0 (4.5 – 17.1)
   P = 0.03
CAREGIVER'S AGE    
   18–44 42,025 13.0 (7.3 – 22.1)
   45–54 35,486 13.8 (7.7 – 23.5)
   55–64 32,075 14.0 (7.2 – 25.5)
   65–74 26,364 12.6 (7.5 – 20.5)
   75+ 10,245 11.9 (6.0 – 22.2)
   P = 0.85
CAREGIVER'S GENDER    
   Males 47,477 11.6 (6.7 – 19.3)
   Females 107,969 14.3 (8.6 – 22.9)
   P = 0.13
CAREGIVER'S EDUCATION    
   ≤ 5   10.1 (5.4 – 18.0)
   6–9 30,583 11.9 (6.2 – 21.8)
   10+ 69,702 15.6 (9.8 – 23.9)
   P = 0.02
TOTAL 155,446 13.5 (8.1 – 21.5)
  1. 1 Including widowed, separated and divorced.
  2. 2 All percentages are weighted.
  3. 3 The number of cancer deaths have been estimated from the study sample, using 1998 Italian mortality data.